At the turn of the 20th century, Egypt was a British Protectorate. Egypt was administered by the British and the French, and the Egyptians had very little say in the matter. The dual-control system was intended to oversee the Egyptian economy so that the Europeans could make sure that its debt was paid. The Europeans repeatedly promised to leave Egypt once affairs were in order, but the promises were never kept.
In 1906 a group of British soldiers decided to use a small village in the delta called Denshawai as a forum for engaging in pigeon shooting. Villagers raised pigeons for sale and depended on the profits for their livelihood. Previously, the soldiers had done this sort of thing many times, so the villagers attacked them with sticks when they returned. However, one of the British soldiers died of heatstroke after running back to camp to tell his officer what had happened. Four of the villagers were hanged, two were sentenced to life in prison, and most of the rest were forced to be flogged in public in front of their entire village. In villages across Egypt, there was an outcry against the occupation. Liberals governed the British Parliament, and they allowed the creation of an Egyptian parliament elected by the people. Many parliamentarians opposed the occupation, and they started calling for a British withdrawal from Egypt, which was now twenty years overdue. This Incident prompted many neutral Egyptians to join the nationalist movement.
In 1908 Prince Yusuf Kamal founded Egypt’s first school of fine arts initiating the region’s first contemporary art movement. Several other schools and institutions were also opened, focusing on academic, Renaissance-based training; the Orientalist. The British occupation of Egypt ended with Hussein Kamel’s installation as sultan in 1914, but the British military presence there persisted until 1956.
Here are some stunning historical photos that will take you back to Egypt in the early 1900s.
The Aswan Dam (Built Between 1898 And 1902), An English Colonist, A Young Egyptian Man And The Nile Valley Pictured Around 1902-1920. The Dam is made of Granite Blocks coming from the Quarries of Aswan, which were used during the Construction of The Pyramids. It Is Over 2Km Long And 50M High.