In 1970, Austin had a population of around 250,000 and the metropolitan area had nearly 400,000 people. During the late 1970s, the city experienced a tremendous boom in development. As a result of growth, preservationists and developers fought a series of fierce political battles. The battles revolved around the preservation of Barton Springs and the Edwards Aquifer. In 1976, Democrat Jimmy Carter barely beat Republican Gerald Ford in Austin.
Before the 1970s, the city’s urban economic engine was fueled by the state government and the University of Texas. Then came IBM, Motorola, Texas Instruments, Tracor, and other foreign and domestic tech companies. During the 1970s, regional banks were permitted, formerly banned by regulatory law, to provide Austin with fresh capital.
(Antiwar) tensions erupted in May 1970 as the war in Cambodia expanded, and the National Guard killed antiwar protesters at Kent State. The Austin City Council refused to permit the Student Mobilization Committee to hold an antiwar march on the city streets at that moment due to a related local issue. In April and early May 1970, antiwar protests were met with confrontations, some of them violent. A federal judge ruled that they could march on May 8 as a large crowd gathered. Twenty thousand demonstrators marched from campus to the Capitol with minimal opposition from the police.
In the 1970s, Austin also established itself as a powerful and prolific international music scene through the talents of musicians, singer-songwriters, and music business operatives. By cultivating a cross-cultural, cross-generational musical hybrid known as “progressive country,” the songs, the sounds, and the identities that emerged in Austin’s music venues, studios, and backrooms began to gain traction in the national marketplace at the dawn of this seminal decade. In this dissertation, the story of this music scene is told, and why it is significant in the history of popular culture. There was a major shift in the complexion of the city thanks to young people. In 1971, the voting age was lowered to 18, resulting in more people of color serving on the commissioners court, school board, and city council. Jeff Friedman, a 30-year-old former UT student activist, was elected as the city’s youngest mayor in 1975.
The students can be seen sitting at a very long lunch table with stools attached. two teachers can be seen standing in the background at the end of the table. An empty table can be seen in the foreground, and the cafeteria kitchen can be seen in the background through windows and doors on the wall to the right.
A pathway curves around to the gazebo in the foreground and Town Lake is behind the gazebo. Buildings across the river and a bridge are visible in the background. Started in 1967 and dedicated to the city in 1970 by the Austin Chapter of the National Association of Women in Construction as a "lasting tribute to the construction industry." The gazebo is built on the promontory where Barton Creek flows into Town Lake providing a view of downtown Austin from the south side of Town Lake.
Three large buildings can be seen side by side and attached to one another. The first is a cylindrical structure with the words, "Steaks and Seafood", seen painted on. Next, is a barn-like building with the restaurant's name seen on the front. Third, is a building made to appear like a steamboat with the words, "Showboat" and "Port of Austin".
The school was ordered closed in 1971 by a federal judge as part of desegregation. African-American students and parents sit on sidewalks and cars to protest the closing. The school, located at 900 Thompson Street, was originally named E.H. Anderson, and later renamed L.C. Anderson after one of its longest-serving principals. In 1973, a new, integrated L.C. Anderson High School reopened at its current location at 8403 Mesa Drive.
In the foreground, a waitress in a short dress can be seen holding menus and gesturing at a food cart filled with iced steak cuts, along with a wine bottle and glass of wine. Wooden tables set with silverware can be seen throughout the restaurant, and various western paintings can be seen hanging on the wall.
Four desks can be seen in the foreground, and a low bookshelf wall with a Corinthian column can be seen to left, closing in the desk area. Track lighting can be seen on the ceiling above the desk area, and in the background an exposed air duct can also be seen near the ceiling.
The children can be seen working in workbooks at small desks, and the teacher can be seen standing to the far right. A chalk board with the alphabet can be seen on the left wall, and shelves with coats and lunchboxes can be seen on the wall to the right, in the background. An open door can be seen to the left of the lunchbox shelf.
The building is small but well crafted, with several wood sculpted architectural details seen along the exterior wall under the roof line. Several lights can be seen posted to the building's perimeter. An attached window awning can be seen on the foremost side of the house over an entrance.
The structure is long and narrow. A flag poll with the U.S. and Texas flag can be seen in the background to the right, at the end of the building. A school bus can also be seen next to the flag poll. An empty lot can be seen in the foreground and a tree can be seen in the background to the left.
The shape of the building suggests it is the Erwin Center. The edge of the steel beam wall in the foreground can be seen curving around to the right in the background. The dirt in the center of the structure is dug out, and a crane can be seen to the right in the background.
The train stops at the Austin International & Great Northern (I&GN) Railroad depot in Austin. There are no passengers waiting on the platform. The engine has the logo of C&EI (Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad). I&GN Railroad operated in Texas. It was created when the International Railroad company and Houston-based Great Northern Railroad company merged on September 30, 1873. I&GN's Austin depot was completed on 3rd and Congress Avenues on December 28, 1876. In 1924, the I&GN was bought by Gulf Coast Lines (GCL), which was subsequently purchased by Missouri Pacific on Januray 1, 1925. I&GN operated as a subsidiary of Missouri Pacific until March 1, 1956, when all GCL subsidiaries were merged under Missouri Pacific, and I&GN ceased to operate as a corporate entity. The old Austin depot had been demolished in 1950. sumed operation of the station and the Eagle.
In the centerground is a jacked 1967 Buick Wildcat with the hood up; behind it is a Chevrolet C/K with the hood up. A stationwagon is visible in the garage door in the left background. The cars are attended to by several mechanics, possibly students, while others work with machinery at desks along the right wall.
A sign for an ice cream shop can be seen on the foremost right corner, and more store units can be seen stretching into the background to the left. Several vehicles can be seen parked directly in front of the stores. In the foreground, a mostly empty parking lot and drive with a few small trees planted in garden dividers can be seen.
Vehicles can be seen parked front between the building and the street in the foreground, including a Dodge truck and a Volkswagen. A small sign can be seen to the right advertising breakfast and lunch specials. The restaurant, now demolished, was located on 1701 San Jacinto Boulevard.
A girl can be seen wearing headphones at a recorded media listening station in the foreground. Another girl can be seen to the right behind the media station's counter. Bookshelves can be seen in the background to the right, and many windows can be seen on the back wall. Students can be seen sitting at tables throughout the space in the background.
The building was located at 3711 North Lamar Boulevard, possibly now heavily renovated or demolished. The photo is taken from across the street, at a southwest angle. The building is a pale color with many dark windows and has two major segments that can be seen, each with a different number of stories. The shorter of the two segments can be seen in the foreground.
The sign rests on a tall brick structure with bushes seen planted at the base. A single story, postmodern building can be seen in the background to the right, and a single car can be seen parked in that building's parking lot, though more cars can be seen in the parking lot further in the background. A road can be seen to the left with cars driving on it.
The building can be seen in two parts, a lower single story building in the foreground, and a taller building with several stories in the background. Both buildings are fairly wide and can be seen centered to the left in the photo. On the tall building in the background, the words, "Wilford Hall USAF medical Center" can be seen