Albert Einstein was one of the greatest physicists of all time. While Einstein is best known for developing the theory of relativity, he also contributed significantly to the development of quantum mechanics. Both relativity and quantum mechanics are pillars of modern physics. He is credited with creating the world’s most famous equation for mass-energy equivalence, E = mc2. He has also contributed significantly to the philosophy of science through his work. In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.” Due to his intellectual achievements and originality, “Einstein” has become synonymous with genius.
Einstein published four groundbreaking papers in 1905, sometimes called his annus mirabilis (‘miracle year’). They explained Brownian motion, introduced special relativity, and demonstrated mass-energy equivalence. In developing his particular theory of relativity, Einstein realized that classical mechanics could no longer be reconciled with the electromagnetic field. In 1916, he published his gravitation theory in a paper dealing with general relativity. The following year, he applied the general theory of relativity to model the universe’s structure. He continued to study statistical mechanics and quantum theory, leading to his explanations of particle theory and molecule motion. Additionally, he studied the thermal properties of light and the quantum theory of radiation, which laid the foundation for the photon theory of light.
Albert Einstein was born in the German Empire in 1987. He moved to Switzerland in 1895, forsaking his German citizenship (as a subject of the Kingdom of Württemberg) the following year. He graduated from the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zürich in 1900. In 1901, he acquired Swiss citizenship, which he retained throughout his life, and in 1903, he landed a permanent job at the Swiss Patent Office in Bern. The University of Zurich awarded him a Ph.D. in 1905. Einstein moved to Berlin in 1914 to join the Prussian Academy of Sciences and Humboldt University. Einstein became the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in 1917 and returned to being a German citizen, this time a Prussian. During Einstein’s 1933 visit to the United States, Adolf Hitler became German leader. Einstein objected to the policies of the newly elected Nazi government; he settled in the United States and became a citizen in 1940.
On the eve of World War II, Einstein wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, alerting him to German nuclear weapons programs and urging him to develop the atomic bomb. The letter helped pave the way for the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bombs. The bombs dropped on Hiroshima, and Nagasaki killed an estimated 200,000 people. After learning that Germany was never close to developing atomic bombs, Einstein called the letter his “one great mistake” for encouraging the US to develop the technology.
Here are some stunning childhood, teenage, younger and senior photos of Albert Einstein. These photographs give a rare look into the life of the Greatest physicist.
Changing his original plans of not leaving the Belgenland, until the liner arrived in California, where he will spend the winter months, continuing his renewed renovations of modern science, Professor Albert Einstein, left the vessel when it docked in New York, for a four day stay.
Five Yeshiva University graduates, winners of National Science Foundation fellowships for post-graduate study, enjoy a visit with famed scientist Professor Albert Einstein in his study at the Institute for advanced Study in Princeton. The five young scientists are left to right: Arthur Taub, Brooklyn; Kurt Eisemann, New York City; Simon Auster, Highland Park, N.J.; William Frank, Brooklyn; and Seymour Aronson, Brooklyn. Einstein told them that 'scientific skill alone will never benefit mankind until it is joined to a thorough understanding of human values.
Professor Albert Einstein, world-famed scientist and exponent of relativity and the "fourth dimension" doesn't appear to be worried about such complex problems as he enjoys the sunshine with Mrs. Einstein and friends at the winter home of Mr. Samuel Untermeyer, noted corporation lawyer. Left to right: Professor Einstein; Mrs. Warren Pinney of Palm Springs; Herr Ernst Lubitsch, famous German picture director; Frau Einstein; and Mr. Untermeyer. The scientist and Mr. Lubitsch talked over in old days in Germany when the latter was a Berlin musical comedy director.