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The Great Exhibition of 1851 which displayed Wonders and Inventions from around the World, 1851

The Great Exhibition was held in Hyde Park, London, from May to 15 October 1851. Henry Cole and Prince Albert, husband of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom, organized the event. Britain’s primary motive was to clear its industrial leadership role to the world following the highly influential French Industrial Exposition of 1844. An enthusiastic promoter of the self-funding Exhibition, Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s consort, persuaded the government to form the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 to determine its viability. Britain sought to prove its superiority at the Great Exhibition. Several countries from around the world had the opportunity to display their achievements. Exhibitors listed in the official catalog of the event came from across Great Britain, its ‘Colonies and Dependencies,’ and 44 ‘Foreign States.’ During the exposition, the British dominated almost every field relating to strength, durability, utility, and quality, whether iron and steel, machinery, or textiles. Britain, as host, took up half of the exhibition space inside, with exhibits from the home country and its empire. The biggest of all was Stevenson’s massive hydraulic press that lifted metal tubes of a bridge at Bangor. Britain hoped to demonstrate to Europe that technology, specifically its own, was the key to a better future after “two decades of political and social upheaval.” Over six million people had passed through the turnstiles by the time the Exhibition closed on 11 October. The Exhibition made a profit of £186,000, which was used to create the South Kensington museums.

The show was in a particular building called “The Great Shalimar.” Joseph Paxton designed it with the assistance of structural engineer Charles Fox, and the committee overseeing its construction included Isambard Kingdom Brunel and completed it in nine months. Paxton used the experience he gained designing greenhouses for the sixth Duke of Devonshire to create an architecturally adventurous building. Cast iron-frame components and glass made almost exclusively in Birmingham and Smethwick were used to construct a massive glass house measuring 1848 feet by 454 feet (approximately 563 meters by 138 meters). In the interior, the structure’s immense size was highlighted with trees and statues; this served as a visual illusion and a demonstration of man’s victory over nature. The Crystal Palace was a great success, considered an architectural marvel, and an engineering triumph that demonstrated the importance of the Exhibition.

The press was operated by just one man, despite each tube weighing 1,144 tons. Steam-hammers were next in size, capable of forging the main bearing of a steamship with equal accuracy or gently cracking eggs. There were adding machines that might put bank clerks out of a job; and a ‘sportsman’s knife’ with eighty blades from Sheffield. There were stained glass windows in one of the upstairs galleries, through which the sunlight streamed in technicolor. Axminster carpets and Coventry ribbons were almost as colorful. A fire engine with Canadian scenes painted on the panels and a trophy of furs were sent by Canada. India contributed a magnificent ivory throne, a coat embroidered with pearls, emeralds, and rubies, as well as a magnificent howdah and trappings for a rajah’s elephant. (The elephant wearing it came from an English museum of stuffed animals.) There was an eagle with its wings outstretched and a drapery of the Stars and Stripes flanking one of the many organs in the building as the centerpiece of the American display.

The Exhibition was primarily intended to promote world peace, but Colt’s repeating firearms and McCormick’s reaping machine were prominently displayed. Hiram Power’s white marble statue of an enslaved Greek wearing nothing but a small chain attracted the most attention. France was the most significant foreign contributor. There were sumptuous tapestries on display, porcelain from Sevres and silks from Lyons, enamels from Limoges, and furniture from Limoges. The French display had a striking visual impact, unlike many British exhibits in the same class, which lacked taste. These beautiful objects were accompanied by examples of the machinery used to make them. The Russian exhibits did not arrive on time due to ice in the Baltic. When they did come, they were superlative. They included giant urns and vases made of porcelain and malachite twice the size of a man, as well as furs and sleds and Cossack armor. The Chilean government sent a 50 kg lump of gold, while Switzerland sent gold watches. Two wonders caught the public’s attention among all these. The first was the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond. The safe was shaped like a large parrot cage, and sometimes little gas jets illuminated it, but it failed to sparkle. This jewel became a part of the Crown Jewels after skillfully cut it. Another was a collection of small stuffed animals presented in whimsical tableaux, such as kittens taking tea, sent by the German Customs Union. (Germany was still a collection of small states at the time.) With the British public’s unerring bad taste, admiring crowds were always present.

#1 Interior of the Great Exhibition Building, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Interior of the Great Exhibition Building, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Benjamin Brecknell Turner was one of the first British amateur photographers. Originally a painter, he took up photography in 1849. Using William Henry Fox Talbot's (1800-1877) calotype process to make large format waxed paper negatives, Turner produced some of the finest early photographs of rural England, working very much in the tradition of English watercolour artists.

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#2 Egyptian Court, North Transept of the Crystal Palace, Sydenham, 1854.

Egyptian Court, North Transept of the Crystal Palace, Sydenham, 1854.

A popular feature of the Crystal Palace was a series of 'courts', each illustrating the art and architecture of a great period in history. Wyatt and architect Owen Jones collaborated on the design of these courts. The most spectacular of these was the Egyptian Court, complete with sphinxes and enormous statues. After housing the Great Exhibition in 1851 the Crystal Palace was dismantled in Hyde Park and rebuilt on a site at Sydenham, south east London, reopening in June 1854.

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#3 Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Crowds gather for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Joseph Paxton (1801-1865) designed what Punch named Crystal Palace, the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glass) structure, a feature which later aided its dismantling. Here, the building is shown seen from the front, one of the giant elms visible through the glass.

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#4 Inside Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, visitors admire the ‘Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations’, an idea conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861), 1851.

Inside Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, visitors admire the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', an idea conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861), 1851.

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#5 De la Rues Stationery Stand and Envelope Machine, 1851.

De la Rues Stationery Stand and Envelope Machine, 1851.

Chromolithograph from 'Recollections of the Great Exhibition of 1851' by C T Dolby. On show at De la Rue s stand at the Great Exhibition is an enveloping machine, coloured paper, boxes and cards, and examples of printing and bookbinding. To the right of the stand a Spicer s paper roll is hanging down. On the left hand side Langley Bank s twin geometrical staircase to the galleries beyond can be seen. The 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations' was conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861). The Crystal Palace, designed by Joseph Paxton (1801-1865), was purpose-built for the occasion. It was the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glass) structure.

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#6 Print bordered with gilt showing the exterior facade and gardens of the Crystal Palace, 1851

Print bordered with gilt showing the exterior facade and gardens of the Crystal Palace, 1851

In the foreground visitors of many nationalities can be seen in front of carriages arriving and departing.

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#7 Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851. Interior view looking west. From the Mayson Beeton Collection.

Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851. Interior view looking west. From the Mayson Beeton Collection.

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#8 Nave of the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Nave of the Great Exhibition, 1851.

The Great Exhibition or Crystal Palace Exhibition took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851, organised by Henry Cole and Prince Albert, the structure was designed by Joseph Paxton.

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#9 Queen Victoria visiting the Great Exhibition of 1851 at the Crystal Palace by Thomas Abiel Prior

Queen Victoria visiting the Great Exhibition of 1851 at the Crystal Palace by Thomas Abiel Prior

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#10 The opening by Queen Victoria of the Industrial Palace in Hyde Park, May 1st 1851.

The opening by Queen Victoria of the Industrial Palace in Hyde Park, May 1st 1851.

Conceived by Prince Albert, the Great Exhibition was intended to showcase the 'Works of the Industry of all Nations'. It was housed in the purpose-built Crystal Palace, the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glass) structure, designed by the landscape designer, Joseph Paxton. The prefabricated design made the construction, and later dismantling of the building, easier and quicker.

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#11 Opening ceremony, the Crystal Palace, London, 1851-1854.

Opening ceremony, the Crystal Palace, London, 1851-1854.

Huge crowds at the opening ceremony of the Crystal Palace, either at Hyde Park in 1851, or at Sydenham where the building was re-erected in 1854. The Crystal Palace was built to house the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations'.

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#12 A coloured lithograph of a model elephant with howdah in the Indian Court in the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

A coloured lithograph of a model elephant with howdah in the Indian Court in the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

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#13 Crowds and traffic in the City of London during the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Crowds and traffic in the City of London during the Great Exhibition, 1851.

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#14 A display of a portable steam engine corn threshing machine and a seed drill on show at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, Hyde Park in London.

A display of a portable steam engine corn threshing machine and a seed drill on show at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, Hyde Park in London.

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#15 The India stand at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London.

The India stand at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London.

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#16 Inauguration ceremony, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Inauguration ceremony, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The Crystal Palace was built to house the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861). This was the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glass) structure and was designed by the landscape designer Joseph Paxton (1801-1865). The prefabricated design made the construction, and later dismantling, easier and quicker.

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#17 The transept of the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, from ‘Dickinsons’ Comprehensive Pictures of the Great Exhibition of 1851′

The transept of the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, from 'Dickinsons' Comprehensive Pictures of the Great Exhibition of 1851'

Published in 1854, this book contains lithographed copies of original paintings by Nash, Haghe and Roberts, commissioned by Prince Albert (1841-1910). The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations, held in 1851, was the first industrial exhibition. It was housed in the spectacular Crystal Palace, designed by Joseph Paxton (1803-1865) and built in London's Hyde Park. Over 100,000 exhibits were shown from around the world.

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#18 The opening of the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

The opening of the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#19 The Opening of the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, May 1, 1851

The Opening of the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, May 1, 1851

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#20 Interior view showing products at the Great Exhibition of London, 1851.

Interior view showing products at the Great Exhibition of London, 1851.

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#21 The Great International Exhibition, (Crystal Palace), seen from the Horticultural Gardens.

The Great International Exhibition, (Crystal Palace), seen from the Horticultural Gardens.

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#22 Closing of the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Closing of the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

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#23 Crowd Inside the Crystal Palace at the Closing of the Great Exhibition, 1851

Crowd Inside the Crystal Palace at the Closing of the Great Exhibition, 1851

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#24 Engraving of the South Transept of the Crystal Palace, 1851

Engraving of the South Transept of the Crystal Palace, 1851

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#25 The Main Avenue at the Great Exhibition in London, 1851.

The Main Avenue at the Great Exhibition in London, 1851.

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#26 Interior Of The Great Industrial Exhibit.

Interior Of The Great Industrial Exhibit.

Interior of the Great Industrial Exhibition, of the Crystal Palace during the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#27 John Burwood Looking at Dinosaurs.

John Burwood Looking at Dinosaurs.

Most boys today concentrate on the future, playing space men and building rockets and atomic ray guns for that trip to the moon. But eight-year-old John Burwood, of London, England, turns his imagination to the remote past.

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#28 Engraved illustration of a Boot And Shoe Pegging Machine, at the Crystal Palace, a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, England, to house the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Engraved illustration of a Boot And Shoe Pegging Machine, at the Crystal Palace, a cast-iron and plate-glass structure originally built in Hyde Park, London, England, to house the Great Exhibition, 1851.

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#29 Visitors entering the Crystal Palace during the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Visitors entering the Crystal Palace during the Great Exhibition, 1851.

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#30 Chinese musicians at the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Chinese musicians at the Great Exhibition, 1851.

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#31 Crystal Palace Interior

Crystal Palace Interior

Chromolithograph of the interior of Crystal Palace interior depicting Russian displays at the Great Exhibition, 1851.

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#32 Visitors viewing the Crystal Palace across a reflecting pool at the Great Exhibition, 1851. Boats and carriages in the foreground.

Visitors viewing the Crystal Palace across a reflecting pool at the Great Exhibition, 1851. Boats and carriages in the foreground.

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#33 The opening of the Great Exhibition by Queen Victoria, Crystal Palace, London, May 1st 1851.

The opening of the Great Exhibition by Queen Victoria, Crystal Palace, London, May 1st 1851.

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#34 The opening of the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The opening of the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#35 General view of the interior of the Great Exhibition, Main Avenue, Crystal Palace in 1851.

General view of the interior of the Great Exhibition, Main Avenue, Crystal Palace in 1851.

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#36 Interior of the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

Interior of the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#37 A display from China at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

A display from China at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#38 The Inauguration of the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

The Inauguration of the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#39 The closing ceremony at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

The closing ceremony at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#40 Sheffield Hardware on display at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

Sheffield Hardware on display at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#41 ‘France No 2’ at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

'France No 2' at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#42 ‘India No 1’ at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

'India No 1' at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#43 Furs on display at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

Furs on display at the Great Exhibition in Crystal Palace, the glass and iron building designed by Joseph Paxton, at Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#44 The interior of the Great Exhibition, at the Crystal Palace exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851

The interior of the Great Exhibition, at the Crystal Palace exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851

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#45 Crowds outside the Crystal Palace in London’s Hyde Park, venue of the 1851 Great Exhibition.

Crowds outside the Crystal Palace in London's Hyde Park, venue of the 1851 Great Exhibition.

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#46 A collection of sculptures in a southern transept of the Crystal Palace in London’s Hyde Park, 1851

A collection of sculptures in a southern transept of the Crystal Palace in London's Hyde Park, 1851

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#47 An ivory throne and footstool presented to Queen Victoria by the Rajah of Travancore, on display in the ‘Industrial Arts of the 19th Century’ gallery of the 1851 Great Exhibition.

An ivory throne and footstool presented to Queen Victoria by the Rajah of Travancore, on display in the 'Industrial Arts of the 19th Century' gallery of the 1851 Great Exhibition.

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#48 Flags flying on the north-west corner of the Crystal Palace in London’s Hyde Park, 1851

Flags flying on the north-west corner of the Crystal Palace in London's Hyde Park, 1851

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#49 The front of the Crystal Palace in London’s Hyde Park. The massive iron and glass structure was designed by Sir Joseph Paxton as the venue for the Great Exhibition of 1851.

The front of the Crystal Palace in London's Hyde Park. The massive iron and glass structure was designed by Sir Joseph Paxton as the venue for the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#50 Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) with her consort Prince Albert (1819 – 1961) and the Duke of Wellington (1769 – 1852) at the opening of the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London.

Queen Victoria (1819 - 1901) with her consort Prince Albert (1819 - 1961) and the Duke of Wellington (1769 - 1852) at the opening of the Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London.

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#51 London’s Piccadilly Circus heaving with crowds on their way to the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, 1851

London's Piccadilly Circus heaving with crowds on their way to the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park, 1851

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#52 A variety of stalls at the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, London, 1851

A variety of stalls at the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, London, 1851

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#53 Some of the sculptures, trees and fountains which filled one wing of the Crystal Palace in London for the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Some of the sculptures, trees and fountains which filled one wing of the Crystal Palace in London for the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#54 Monday visitors crowd the antiquities room of the South Kensington Museum in London, 1851.

Monday visitors crowd the antiquities room of the South Kensington Museum in London, 1851.

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#55 The South Eastern Railway Company’s express train ‘Folkstone’ designed by T R Crampton on display at the 1851 Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, London.

The South Eastern Railway Company's express train 'Folkstone' designed by T R Crampton on display at the 1851 Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, London.

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#56 Flags flying on the eastern side of the Crystal Palace in London’s Hyde Park. The massive iron and glass structure was designed by Sir Joseph Paxton as the venue for the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Flags flying on the eastern side of the Crystal Palace in London's Hyde Park. The massive iron and glass structure was designed by Sir Joseph Paxton as the venue for the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#57 Accompanied by Prince Albert and her children, Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) opens the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, London, 1

Accompanied by Prince Albert and her children, Queen Victoria (1819 - 1901) opens the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, London, 1

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#58 Crystal Palace, Sydenham’, 1910

Crystal Palace, Sydenham', 1910

The Crystal Palace erected in Hyde Park, London, England, to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. The building was rebuilt in an enlarged form on Penge Common, at the top of Penge Peak, Sydenham Hill.

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#59 A hand-colored lithograph showing the India display at the Great Exhibition of 1851.

A hand-colored lithograph showing the India display at the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#60 The opening of the Great Exhibition by Queen Victoria on 1 May 1851

The opening of the Great Exhibition by Queen Victoria on 1 May 1851

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#61 The British Nave at the Great Exhibition of 1851 The Crystal Palace c 1854.

The British Nave at the Great Exhibition of 1851 The Crystal Palace c 1854.

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#62 A group photo of some of those responsible for building the Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in Hyde Park, London.

A group photo of some of those responsible for building the Crystal Palace for the Great Exhibition of 1851 in Hyde Park, London.

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#63 A view looking south over the site of the Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London, 1851.

A view looking south over the site of the Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London, 1851.

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#64 Engraving of the inside view of Crystal Palace when it was open for the Great Exhibition 1851

Engraving of the inside view of Crystal Palace when it was open for the Great Exhibition 1851

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#65 Turkish No 2 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Turkish No 2 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Cases of embroidered goods, a Turkish tent, embroidered saddles and trappings. The 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations' was conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861).

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#66 Indian No 5 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Indian No 5 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included a needlework carpet cover from Lahore and a bed from Cashmere with a bedstead of solid silver.

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#67 Transept of the Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Transept of the Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

UNITED KINGDOM - FEBRUARY 19: Illustrated plate taken from Dickinsons 'Comprehensive Pictures of The Great Exhibition' (1854) depicting either the Opening Ceremony, or just after it. At the junction of the India stand a Crystal glass fountain is visible, and in the foreground visitors sit or parade among the tropical plants, elm tress, greenery and exhibits. The Crystal Palace was built to house the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861). This was the first large-scale prefabricated ferrovitreous (iron and glass) structure and was designed by the landscape designer, Joseph Paxton (1801-1865). The prefabricated design made the construction, and later dismantling, easier and quicker.

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#68 The Great International Exhibition , London, 1862.

The Great International Exhibition , London, 1862.

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#69 Stand showing furs at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Stand showing furs at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#70 The British Nave at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The British Nave at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The exhibits shown include a horse s head, above which is displayed a dioptric revolving lighthouse reflector mechanism by Chance Brothers & Co. Banners hang from the balconies bearing the arms of cities of Britain, with York at the front on the right.

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#71 The America stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The America stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the stand included a model of the 'Falls of Niagara', the 'Rider' iron truss bridge and a vulcanised India Rubber trophy, 'Goodyear'. The Crystal Palace was built to house the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', an idea conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861).

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#72 Hardware at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Hardware at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Wood carving by machinery and Leslie's patent gas fittings. The 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations' was conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861).

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#73 Whitworth stand of machine tools at the Great Exhibition, London, 1851.

Whitworth stand of machine tools at the Great Exhibition, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display include tools for planing, slotting, drilling, and boring, a wrought iron crane and spinning machinery. T

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#74 Cotton, carriages etc at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Cotton, carriages etc at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#75 The north transept, waiting for the Queen to open the Great Exhibition, 1851.

The north transept, waiting for the Queen to open the Great Exhibition, 1851.

The Great Exhibition was conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861) to showcase Britain s industrial and technological achievements. The Crystal Palace was purpose-built to house the 30,000 exhibits.

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#76 Mining stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Mining stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included: minerals, specimens of silver, Arkans' mining company, lead ore, Galena from the Isle of Man, and imitation marbles on the wall by Hopkins.

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#77 View of the South Side near the Princes Gate, Looking West , 1851.

View of the South Side near the Princes Gate, Looking West , 1851.

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#78 Interior view of the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Interior view of the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#79 Turkish No 1 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Turkish No 1 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included deer horns, Koulah carpets and rugs and a mangal for warming apartments.

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#80 The British Nave in the Crystal Palace , Hyde Park, London, 1851.

The British Nave in the Crystal Palace , Hyde Park, London, 1851.

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#81 Indian No 2 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Indian No 2 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included state Punkahs (fans), a statue of Michael and Satan and a collection of arms of various territories in India.

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#82 Indian No 4 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Indian No 4 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included: state carriages, a royal canopy, a stuffed elephant, and embroidered muslins from Dacca.

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#83 Indian No 6 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Indian No 6 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

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#84 Indian No 7 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Indian No 7 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included a complete collection of Indian pottery, silk carpets and various items of tribal dress.

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#85 The Shand and Mason stand, Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The Shand and Mason stand, Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Visitors admiring the equipment made by the fire engine company, Shand and Mason.

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#86 Agriculture stands at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Agriculture stands at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#87 Area representing India at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Area representing India at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#88 Area showing flax at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Area showing flax at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#89 Greek stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Greek stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the Greek stand included the marble bas-relief from the Parthenon and a carved cross in the old Byzantine Style.

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#90 Russian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Russian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the Russian stand included gilt bronze candelabras by Krumbigel; a case of jewels by Seftyzer and Bewzershon; inlaid flooring; and a large vase from the Imperial China Manufactory.

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#91 North German stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

North German stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the North German stand included mosaic table tops, a brass chandelier by Bernstorff and Erchwede, and Miss Berendine's portraits of Queen Victoria and the Prince of Wales.

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#92 Dutch stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Dutch stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

The Dutch stand included such prominent objects as Van Hampen's case of silver ornaments, a corsage made of diamonds and a bronze statuette of Prince William of Holland.

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#93 Belgian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Belgian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the Belgian stand included the statues: The Lion in Love , Godfrey de Bouillon , The Happy Child and Psyche and Cupid .

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#94 Austrian stand No 1 at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Austrian stand No 1 at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the first Austrian stand included an elaborately carved bedstead and an Eau de Cologne Fountain.

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#95 Austrian stand No 2 at the Great Exhibition, Crystal palace, London, 1851.

Austrian stand No 2 at the Great Exhibition, Crystal palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the second Austrian stand included mosaic vases by Gottl, a veiled vestal, David in marble, and a candelabrum in cast iron.

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#96 Zollverein stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Zollverein stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the Zollverein stand included: Amazon by Kiss, statuettes from the Prussian iron foundry, an oxidized silver vase and a German organ.

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#97 French No 1 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

French No 1 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the first French stand included Lyons silks for curtains; books in the oriental languages from the National Printing Establishment of France; tissues for hangings, and furniture.

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#98 French No 2 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

French No 2 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on the second French stand included Fordinois' prize sideboard, the gold doors of the Baptistry of Florence, a Barbedienne bookcase and bronzes.

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#99 French No 3 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

French No 3 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on show on the third French stand were a collection of vases and paintings from Sevre; the gates of the Baptistry of Florence; Cupid cutting off his wings and other marble statues.

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#100 Spanish and Portugese stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Spanish and Portugese stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Prominent objects on display on this stand included a silk shield of the Royal Arms of Spain; gold and silver; baby linen made for the the Prince of Austria; Portugese snuff, and a case of Spanish arms.

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#101 Tunisian No 3 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Tunisian No 3 stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included Chinese deities, Brazilian products, and statues of Zephyr and Aurora and Virginius .

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#102 Swiss stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Swiss stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included a model of Strasbourg Cathedral and a collection of firearms. The 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations' was conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861).

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#103 Italian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Italian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included the marble statues Bacchus Reclining , Psyche and Cupid , Rinaldo and Armido , a candelabra and a flower stand.

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#104 Swedish and Danish stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Swedish and Danish stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Objects on display included Orcestis ; a statue in marble by Professor Bissen, and a stuffed silver bear skin.

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#105 Chinese stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Chinese stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included cabinets, vases, lamps, tiles, and screens.

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#106 Indian No 1stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Indian No 1stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included a costume of an Indian chief, carved rosewood furniture and an ivory throne.

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#107 West Indian and colonies stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

West Indian and colonies stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included a case of artificial fruits and flowers by H Elwell of Barbados; a pedestal and crown in shellwork by Miss Nichols; and articles made from the leaves of palm trees.

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#108 Jersey and Guernsey, Malta and Ceylon stand at the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Jersey and Guernsey, Malta and Ceylon stand at the Great Exhibition, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included stone carvings by F Dimech, F Testa, J Foler and P Degesare from the Ionian Islands, and original designs for statuary in porcelain by T and R Boot of Burslem.

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#109 Canadian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Canadian stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included an Indian canoe; sledges, carriages and chairs presented from the ladies of Montreal to Her Majesty the Queen; and a case of linen and woollen goods.

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#110 Medieval Court stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Medieval Court stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included Hardman s church plate and brasswork, and Myers stone tabernacle and font.

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#111 Sheffield hardware at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Sheffield hardware at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included fireplaces and steel work.

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#112 Furniture at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Furniture at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included loo tables and sideboards by Morant, and carved oak looking glasses by Snell and Co.

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#113 A wool stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

A wool stand at the Great Exhibition, Crystal Palace, London, 1851.

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#114 Crystal Palace at night.

Crystal Palace at night.

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#115 Boats in the Indian Court in the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, from ‘Dickinsons’ Comprehensive Pictures of the Great Exhibition of 1851′.

Boats in the Indian Court in the Crystal Palace, Hyde Park, London, from 'Dickinsons' Comprehensive Pictures of the Great Exhibition of 1851'.

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#116 Transept, Great Exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Transept, Great Exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Inside Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, visitors admire the 'Great Exhibition of the Works of the Industry of all Nations', an idea conceived by Prince Albert (1819-1861).

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#117 Spooner s perspective view of The Great Exhibition, 1851.

Spooner s perspective view of The Great Exhibition, 1851.

Box cover for a peepshow designed by George F Bragg showing a view of The Great Exhibition held in Hyde Park in London in 1851.

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#118 Mining stand at the Great Exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Mining stand at the Great Exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Prominent objects on display included: minerals, specimens of silver, Arkans' mining company, lead ore, Galena from the Isle of Man, and imitation marbles on the wall by Hopkins.

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#119 Interior of the Great Exhibition , 1851.

Interior of the Great Exhibition , 1851.

From George Baxter s 'Gems of the Great Exhibition' book. This illustration shows statues, a fountain and visitors in the main exhibition space of the Great Exhibition.

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#120 Engraving depicting the interior of The Crystal Palace (the Main Transept) during the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Engraving depicting the interior of The Crystal Palace (the Main Transept) during the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#121 Engraving depicting the interior of The Crystal Palace (the Main Avenue) during the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Engraving depicting the interior of The Crystal Palace (the Main Avenue) during the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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#122 Illustration of Queen Victoria opening the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, 1851

Illustration of Queen Victoria opening the Great Exhibition in the Crystal Palace, 1851

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#123 Great Exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Great Exhibition, Hyde Park, London, 1851.

Interior view of the Crystal Palace showing two visitors being shown a stand of oriental products.

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