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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

The World’s Columbian Exposition was held in Chicago, Illinois, in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage to America. The fair’s centrepiece, held in Jackson Park, was a large water pool representing Columbus’ voyage to the New World. Chicago won the bid over several other cities, including New York City, Washington, D.C., and St. Louis.

The exposition as a social and cultural event profoundly affected Chicago’s self-image and American industrial optimism. The exposition covered 690 acres (2.8 km2) boasted nearly 200 new (but intentionally temporary) buildings of predominantly neoclassical architecture, canals and lagoons, as well as cultures and people from 46 nations. Daniel Burnham selected the Beaux-Arts architectural style for the fair’s main buildings. The style is characterized by classical details such as columns, pediments, symmetrical surfaces, statues, and the use of stone. For several decades, Burnham’s choice of style influenced American architecture. City halls, libraries, and courthouses in turn-of-the-century towns resemble the buildings at the World’s Fair. During the exposition’s six-month run, more than 27 million people attended. As part of the emerging American Exceptionalism, the fair’s massive scale, grandeur, and attention to detail far surpassed those of other world’s fairs, much like the Great Exhibition embodied the Victorian era in the United Kingdom.

Several foods and drinks provided at the exposition are still popular today. Many snack foods trace their origins to the fair, including gum, crackers, and brownies. The beef sausage that would become the basis of the Chicago-style hot dog was also available at the White City. Pabst beer has also claimed its roots come from the exposition, where the company won its namesake blue ribbon.

Chicago’s fair not only marked the 400th anniversary of European discovery of the New World, but also demonstrated that the city had recovered from the Great Chicago Fire, which had destroyed much of the city in 1871. While the fairgrounds were officially opened to the public on May 1, 1893, the dedication ceremony was held on October 21, 1892. The fair lasted until October 30, 1893.

#1 A section in the Gallery of Fine Arts viewed from the north court, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A section in the Gallery of Fine Arts viewed from the north court, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#2 The Lagoon, Merchant Tailors, US Government, Fisheries And Manufactures Buildings at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Lagoon, Merchant Tailors, US Government, Fisheries And Manufactures Buildings at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#3 The Pier at the east entrance to the exposition grounds, showing a full view of the Sliding Sidewalk at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Pier at the east entrance to the exposition grounds, showing a full view of the Sliding Sidewalk at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#4 A sword contest and musicians in the Streets Of Cairo at the Midway Plaisance during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A sword contest and musicians in the Streets Of Cairo at the Midway Plaisance during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#5 The Victoria House, Great Britain’s Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Victoria House, Great Britain's Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#6 The central avenue in the interior of the Agricultural Building, the Paraguay Exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The central avenue in the interior of the Agricultural Building, the Paraguay Exhibit at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#7 The interior of the Mining Buildings, Coal Exhibit and other attractive exhibits at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The interior of the Mining Buildings, Coal Exhibit and other attractive exhibits at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#8 The Dominion of Canada’s Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Dominion of Canada's Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#9 Machinery Hall, showing the grand entrances at the north and east sides of the building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

Machinery Hall, showing the grand entrances at the north and east sides of the building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#10 The Great Central Basin, Venetian Gondola In The Foreground at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Great Central Basin, Venetian Gondola In The Foreground at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#11 The interior of the Manufactures Building, looking north at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The interior of the Manufactures Building, looking north at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#12 Forestry Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

Forestry Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#13 The Electric Fountain, MacMonnies’ Fountain and the east section of the Palace of Mechanical Arts at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Electric Fountain, MacMonnies' Fountain and the east section of the Palace of Mechanical Arts at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#14 The Music Hall, Peristyle and Casino as seen from the roof of the Manufactures Building, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Music Hall, Peristyle and Casino as seen from the roof of the Manufactures Building, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#15 The Court of Honor, looking east from the Administration Building, showing MacMonnies’ Fountain in action at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Court of Honor, looking east from the Administration Building, showing MacMonnies' Fountain in action at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#16 A section of the French Building showing decorative work at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

A section of the French Building showing decorative work at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#17 A baby dancer in the Streets of Cairo at the Midway Plaisance during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

A baby dancer in the Streets of Cairo at the Midway Plaisance during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#18 The Indiana State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Indiana State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#19 A scene in the Streets Of Cairo at the Midway Plaisance during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

A scene in the Streets Of Cairo at the Midway Plaisance during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#20 The Electricity Building, with MacMonnies’ Fountain and the Mining Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Electricity Building, with MacMonnies' Fountain and the Mining Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#21 Live Stock Pavilion, the Arena used for exhibiting prize stock at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

Live Stock Pavilion, the Arena used for exhibiting prize stock at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#22 The building erected by the Republic of Brazil at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The building erected by the Republic of Brazil at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#23 The Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma State Buildings at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma State Buildings at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#24 Oral instruction being given to Deaf Mutes at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

Oral instruction being given to Deaf Mutes at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#25 The Mining Buildings, showing the arrangements of exhibits from New South Wales and other countries at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Mining Buildings, showing the arrangements of exhibits from New South Wales and other countries at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#26 The New South Wales Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The New South Wales Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#27 The exhibit made by Mexico in the Machinery Hall at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The exhibit made by Mexico in the Machinery Hall at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#28 The lagoon from the Stock Pavilion with the Obelisk in the foreground at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The lagoon from the Stock Pavilion with the Obelisk in the foreground at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#29 The Texas State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Texas State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#30 French Building, the Court and the beach of the lake at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

French Building, the Court and the beach of the lake at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#31 An interior view of the Krupp Gun Works Building showing the 122-ton gun at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

An interior view of the Krupp Gun Works Building showing the 122-ton gun at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#32 Virginia State Building At The World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893

Virginia State Building At The World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#33 Bridge Over The Lagoon At The World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893

Bridge Over The Lagoon At The World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#34 The Great Iron Gates In The German Exhibit At The World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893

The Great Iron Gates In The German Exhibit At The World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#35 The Horticultural Building and grounds fronting the Lagoon Plaza covered with plants and flowers at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Horticultural Building and grounds fronting the Lagoon Plaza covered with plants and flowers at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#36 A group of South Sea Island boats and a boatman at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

A group of South Sea Island boats and a boatman at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#37 The Wooded Island and lagoons as they appeared from the plaza south of the Illinois Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Wooded Island and lagoons as they appeared from the plaza south of the Illinois Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#38 Representatives of the different nations ringing the new Liberty Bell at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

Representatives of the different nations ringing the new Liberty Bell at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#39 The California State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The California State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#40 The Nebraska State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Nebraska State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#41 The burning of the Cold Storage Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition on Monday, July 10, 1893.

The burning of the Cold Storage Building at the World's Columbian Exposition on Monday, July 10, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#42 The Missouri State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Missouri State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#43 The exhibit of the United States Government Weather Bureau at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The exhibit of the United States Government Weather Bureau at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#44 The display of animals native to British Guiana in an exhibit at the Agricultural Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The display of animals native to British Guiana in an exhibit at the Agricultural Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#45 A building erected by Krupp Gun Works at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A building erected by Krupp Gun Works at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#46 The Massachusetts State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Massachusetts State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#47 The Children’s Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Children's Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#48 The Whaleback Steamer “Columbus” enroute to the fair at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Whaleback Steamer "Columbus" enroute to the fair at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#49 Rhode Island’s State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

Rhode Island's State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#50 A portion of S J Tellery & Company’s East India exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A portion of S J Tellery & Company's East India exhibit at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#51 The West Virginia State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The West Virginia State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#52 Kentucky’s State Building, with the statue of Daniel Boone in the foreground, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

Kentucky's State Building, with the statue of Daniel Boone in the foreground, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#53 The United States Government Building and the Plaza showing the encampment of national troops during the exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The United States Government Building and the Plaza showing the encampment of national troops during the exhibit at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#54 A group of South Sea Island Musicians at the Midway Plaisance during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A group of South Sea Island Musicians at the Midway Plaisance during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#55 The north end of the exposition grounds looking south from the Iowa State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The north end of the exposition grounds looking south from the Iowa State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#56 An interior view of the Street of Vienna and Ferris Wheel at the Midway Plaisance during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

An interior view of the Street of Vienna and Ferris Wheel at the Midway Plaisance during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#57 The Pagoda and the exhibit made by Siam in the Manufactures Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Pagoda and the exhibit made by Siam in the Manufactures Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#58 The Streets Of old Vienna at the Midway Plaisance during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Streets Of old Vienna at the Midway Plaisance during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#59 Woman’s Silk Culture exhibit found at the Agricultural Building during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

Woman's Silk Culture exhibit found at the Agricultural Building during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#60 A reproduction of a United States Life Saving Station at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A reproduction of a United States Life Saving Station at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#61 The telescope presented to Chicago University by Charles T Yerkes, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The telescope presented to Chicago University by Charles T Yerkes, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#62 A scene on the Grand Plaza between the Administration Building and Machinery Hall at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A scene on the Grand Plaza between the Administration Building and Machinery Hall at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#63 Mexico’s Cavalry Band at The World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893

Mexico's Cavalry Band at The World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#64 A rear view of MacMonnies’ Fountain facing the Administration Plaza at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

A rear view of MacMonnies' Fountain facing the Administration Plaza at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#65 The Kansas State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Kansas State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#66 The German toy exhibit in the Manufactures Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The German toy exhibit in the Manufactures Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#67 The rope used to ring the new Liberty Bell, the material of which was contributed by the eighty-six nations represented at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The rope used to ring the new Liberty Bell, the material of which was contributed by the eighty-six nations represented at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#68 The Ferris Wheel on the Midway Plaisance at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Ferris Wheel on the Midway Plaisance at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#69 The Columbian Pipe, shown in the Catholic Educational Exhibit of the Liberal Arts department at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Columbian Pipe, shown in the Catholic Educational Exhibit of the Liberal Arts department at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#70 The Republic of Columbia Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Republic of Columbia Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#71 An interior view of the Lapland Village at the Midway Plaisance, showing natives and reindeer during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

An interior view of the Lapland Village at the Midway Plaisance, showing natives and reindeer during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#72 Canada’s Building and the British Monument at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

Canada's Building and the British Monument at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#73 The Columbus Caravels, the ‘Santa Maria,’ the ‘Nina’ and the ‘Pinta,’ exhibited at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Columbus Caravels, the 'Santa Maria,' the 'Nina' and the 'Pinta,' exhibited at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#74 The Midway Plaisance, looking east, as it appeared from the top of the Ferris wheel, with the Exposition Building in distance at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Midway Plaisance, looking east, as it appeared from the top of the Ferris wheel, with the Exposition Building in distance at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#75 The Vermont State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Vermont State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#76 The Mammoth Cheese in Canada’s exhibit in the Agricultural Department at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Mammoth Cheese in Canada's exhibit in the Agricultural Department at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#77 A drill of cadets on the plaza to the west of the Administration Building, where all military exercises were held, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

A drill of cadets on the plaza to the west of the Administration Building, where all military exercises were held, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#78 The Wind Mill exhibit and other features in the south end of the grounds at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Wind Mill exhibit and other features in the south end of the grounds at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#79 The Colorado State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Colorado State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#80 The Michigan State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Michigan State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#81 Woman’s Silk Culture Exhibit, showing Four-Skein Reel at work during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

Woman's Silk Culture Exhibit, showing Four-Skein Reel at work during the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#82 The Ohio State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Ohio State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#83 The Wisconsin State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Wisconsin State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#84 Administration Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Administration Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#85 Administration Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Administration Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#86 Agricultural Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Agricultural Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#87 Agricultural Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Agricultural Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#88 Agriculture Building on left, Machinery Building center, Administration Building on right, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Agriculture Building on left, Machinery Building center, Administration Building on right, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#89 Agriculture Building on right, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Agriculture Building on right, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#90 East portal of Machinery Hall, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

East portal of Machinery Hall, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#91 Fine Arts Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Fine Arts Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#92 Forestry Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Forestry Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#93 Horticultural Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Horticultural Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#94 Lagoon with Illinois State Building in center back, Women’s Building to left, Fisheries and Government Buildings to right, Chicago, 1893

Lagoon with Illinois State Building in center back, Women's Building to left, Fisheries and Government Buildings to right, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#95 Machinery Hall, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Machinery Hall, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#96 MacMonnies fountain. Electricity and Liberal Arts Buildings visible, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

MacMonnies fountain. Electricity and Liberal Arts Buildings visible, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#97 Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#98 Manufactures Building on left, Agriculture Building on right, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Manufactures Building on left, Agriculture Building on right, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#99 Massachusetts State Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Massachusetts State Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#100 Mines and Mining Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Mines and Mining Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#101 Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria replicas, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria replicas, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#102 South Basin, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

South Basin, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#103 Statue of the Republic and Peristyle, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Statue of the Republic and Peristyle, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#104 Transportation Building on left, Chinese Building center, and Horticulture Building on right, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Transportation Building on left, Chinese Building center, and Horticulture Building on right, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#105 Transportation Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Transportation Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#106 U.S. Government Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

U.S. Government Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#107 View over the lagoon from Illinois State Building, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

View over the lagoon from Illinois State Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#108 Viking ship from Norway, World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

Viking ship from Norway, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#109 The New Jersey State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The New Jersey State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#110 The interior of the ‘Henry VIII Dining Room,’ Singer Sewing Machine Company’s exhibit, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The interior of the 'Henry VIII Dining Room,' Singer Sewing Machine Company's exhibit, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#111 The view of the Iowa State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The view of the Iowa State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#112 The north view of MacMonnies’ Fountain, showing the various statuary in detail at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The north view of MacMonnies' Fountain, showing the various statuary in detail at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#113 The Arkansas State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Arkansas State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#114 The Florida State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Florida State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#115 The Washington State Buildings, showing the main building and annexes on each side and the Great Liberty Pole at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Washington State Buildings, showing the main building and annexes on each side and the Great Liberty Pole at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#116 The interior of Machinery Hall, looking west, showing a section of the German exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The interior of Machinery Hall, looking west, showing a section of the German exhibit at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#117 East Plaza Of The Electricity Buildings at The World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893

East Plaza Of The Electricity Buildings at The World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#118 The interior of the main room of the Woman’s Building, at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The interior of the main room of the Woman's Building, at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#119 The Pennsylvania Building, showing the clock tower and main entrance at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The Pennsylvania Building, showing the clock tower and main entrance at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#120 The Louisiana State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Louisiana State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#121 The central aisle of the Forestry Building and an exhibit of wooden wares at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The central aisle of the Forestry Building and an exhibit of wooden wares at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#122 The New Hampshire State Building at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The New Hampshire State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#123 Princess Eulalia of Spain and her escort entering the Midway Plaisance at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, on Eulalia Day, June 8, 1893.

Princess Eulalia of Spain and her escort entering the Midway Plaisance at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, on Eulalia Day, June 8, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#124 The Kitchen and Garden Department at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The Kitchen and Garden Department at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#125 The meeting of the old and new Liberty Bells at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The meeting of the old and new Liberty Bells at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#126 The bridge over the lagoon at the south end of the Electricity and Manufactures Buildings at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

The bridge over the lagoon at the south end of the Electricity and Manufactures Buildings at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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#127 The south entrance of the Fine Arts Building, fronting on the lagoon at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

The south entrance of the Fine Arts Building, fronting on the lagoon at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, 1893.

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Spectacular Historical Photos from the World's Columbian Exposition, 1893

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