In the early 20th century, the Netherlands was home to a vibrant and thriving circus culture. Circus performances were popular forms of entertainment, drawing large crowds of spectators who were eager to be dazzled by acrobats, clowns, animal trainers, and other performers.
Circuses traveled from town to town, setting up their tents and performing for a week or two before moving on to the following location. Many of the largest and most popular circuses had their own permanent structures, such as buildings or tents, and could employ hundreds of performers, staff, and animals.
Circus performances in the early 20th century were often elaborate and theatrical, featuring daring stunts, impressive displays of strength and agility, and comic relief from clowns and other performers. Animal acts were also a major draw, with trained elephants, lions, tigers, and other exotic animals often being featured in shows. One of the most famous Dutch circuses of the time was the Circus Carré, which was founded in 1887 by the German circus performer Oscar Carré. The circus became known for its spectacular performances and its use of innovative technology, such as electric lighting and moving stages. Another well-known circus was the Circus Strassburger, founded in 1860 and featured a menagerie of exotic animals.