In the 1970s, Jersey City was a major industrial center, with factories and warehouses lining the waterfront. The Port of Jersey City, one of the busiest ports on the East Coast, was a significant employer and economic driver for the city. The city was also a transportation hub, with multiple train lines, the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail service, and several major highways, such as the New Jersey Turnpike and the Holland Tunnel, connecting it to New York City.
The population of Jersey City in the 1970s was diverse, with many immigrants from Europe and Latin America. African Americans also made up a significant portion of the population. Many working-class residents lived in densely populated neighborhoods such as Journal Square, Greenville, and Bergen-Lafayette.
However, poverty and crime were significant issues in many of these neighborhoods. The city had a high crime rate, with many violent and property crimes reported. The city’s economy was struggling, with many factories closing or moving out of the city and high unemployment rates.
Despite these challenges, there were also signs of revitalization and redevelopment in the 1970s. The downtown area, particularly along Grove Street and Newark Avenue, was undergoing a resurgence. The city government was also working on urban renewal projects, such as the construction of new housing and the development of Liberty State Park.