Madison is the capital and second-largest city in Wisconsin by population. Founded by a former federal judge and land speculator James Duane Doty in 1836, it is named after late president James Madison, who died that summer. After Wisconsin became a state in 1848, Leonard J. Farwell, a wealthy businessman from Milwaukee, was instrumental in getting industries located in Milwaukee about 1850. After Wisconsin became a state, Madison became a city with a population of 6,864. The first settlers were Yankees from the east. Germans, Irish, and Norwegians followed them. Around the turn of the 20th century, Italians, Greeks, Jews, and African Americans arrived. The railroad arrived in 1854, and the city developed steadily.
The city of Madison is the trade center of a large agricultural area (dairy products, corn, soybeans, tobacco, and livestock). Food processing is a significant industry in Madison, which is home to Oscar Mayer Foods Corp. This city is known for its lakeshores, bicycle paths, and large parks, including Henry Vilas Park with its city zoo.