At the beginning of the 20th century, Canada was dependent on Great Britain and the United States. Living conditions were not good for average Canadians and terrible for the arriving immigrants. Travelling was uncomfortable, and horse-drawn carriages were the main source of transportation. In 1903, the construction of the second transcontinental railway began. In 1905, two new provinces were formed, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Britain controlled Canada’s foreign affairs under the Constitution Act, 1867. Its declaration of war in 1914 automatically brought Canada into World War I. These colorized photographs capture the everyday life of Canada in the 1900s. These photographs were created using the Photochrom process. Vote your favorites, and don’t forget to share.