Toronto in the 1920s was a bustling and growing city. It was a time of great change and progress, as Toronto saw significant development in industry, transportation, and the arts. The population of Toronto grew rapidly during this time, with many new immigrants arriving in the city. This influx of people brought with it a diverse array of cultures, which contributed to the vibrant and cosmopolitan atmosphere of the city.
The economy of Toronto in the 1920s was driven by industry, particularly manufacturing and processing. Toronto was home to many factories and industrial plants, which provided jobs for many of the city’s residents. The development of the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) in the 1920s also contributed to the city’s economic growth, as it made it easier for people to travel around the city and connect to suburban areas.
The 1920s was also a time of cultural growth in Toronto. The city was home to a thriving arts scene, with many galleries, theaters, and concert halls. The University of Toronto also played a central role in the city’s cultural life, as it was a hub of intellectual and artistic activity.
The 1920s were also a time of social change in Toronto. Women’s suffrage was a hot topic, and women in the city became more involved in the political process. Overall, Toronto in the 1920s was a dynamic and exciting time as the city continued to grow and evolve. It was a period of great change and progress, which laid the foundation for Toronto’s development into the vibrant and cosmopolitan city it is today.
Here are some spectacular historic photos that offers a glimpse into the 1920s in Toronto.
The Toronto Terminals Railway began building the Central Heating Plant at the northwest corner of York Street and Fleet Street (now Lakeshore Boulevard). The new facility replaced the old Toronto Hydro Scott Street plant, which was expropriated by the TTR for the building of the railway viaduct. When the Central Heating Plant was completed in 1929, it was the largest such facility in Canada. At its peak, the CHP could produce 330,000 pounds of steam per hour or an average of 600 million pounds annually. The plant provided steam heat piped through underground tunnels to a wide variety of railway facilities including Union Station, the CNR and CPR express buildings and the CPR John Street roundhouse, as well as supplying heat for individual passenger cars stored in the coach yard. The steam required for the Roundhouse's much vaunted "Direct Steaming Process" also came from this source. Moreover, the CHP also heated the Royal York Hotel, the Dominion Public Building, the Postal Delivery Building and the CN/CP Telecommunications building at Front and Simcoe Streets. Later the plant was converted to natural gas. In the 1980s the Toronto Terminals Railway decided to purchase their heating capacity directly from a commercial supplier and the Central Heating Plant was demolished in 1990.