Romania’s Revolution of 1989 was a period of violent civil unrest during December 1989. It was part of the worldwide Revolution of 1989. Timisoara was the beginning of the Romanian Revolution, which spread throughout the country and culminated in the show trial and execution of Nicolae Ceaușescu and his wife, Elena. This ended 42 years of communist rule in Romania.
During the events of 1989 it was also the last removal of a Marxist–Leninist government in a Warsaw Pact country. It was also the only one that violently overthrew a country’s government and executed its leader. Throughout the 1980s, the Socialist Republic of Romania experienced economic and social malaise. Ceaușescu designed the austerity measures to repay the country’s foreign debts.
This set of photos was taken shortly after the Romanian Revolution by Duccio Pugliese, and they showed Romania in 1990.