Central Pacific Railroad built an ice-cooled freight car in 1870 to transport California-grown fruit across the country. Sacramento became the permanent State Capital at the 1879 Constitutional Convention after the California State Legislature moved there in 1854. The city prospered quickly due to its new status and strategic location. The Pony Express and First Transcontinental Railroad terminated in Sacramento, becoming a distribution and transportation center.
The Sacramento Fire Department was established on March 30, 1872, after the City formed Engine Companies 1 and 2. On September 2, 1876, Sacramento High School was completed at 9th and M Streets at the cost of $10,687. The school opened for students in January 1877. The building burned down in 1909.
Here are some stunning historical photos of Sacramento in the 1870s. Also check, what Sacramento looked in the 1850s and 1860s.
Slough (another local term for Sutter Lake, since filled in to house expansions on the Southern Pacific Rail Yards and Shops) and the thriving Chinatown that bordered it in the decades following the Gold Rush. Eucalyptus trees are visible surrounding the lake. The railroad planted the trees in the hopes of combating “miasmas” from the toxic lake but the trees, like the lake itself, proved to be a significant fire hazard. The dome of the state capitol, finished four years prior, is visible in the background.