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Rare Historical Photos of Chinese People from the Qing Dynasty, 1860s

Qing Dynasty was the last imperial dynasty in China, lasting from 1644 to 1912. It was a period marked by initial prosperity and tumultuous endings, and it was only the second time the Han people didn’t rule China. The Manchurian army defeated the Ming in 1616 and occupied several cities in China’s northern borderlands near the end of the Ming Dynasty. A full-scale invasion followed this. Emperor Shunzhi established the Qing Dynasty after defeating China in 1644. The new Han subjects were discriminated against. Han men were required to cut their hair according to Mongolian fashion or face execution. The intellectuals of the Han attempted to criticize the rulers through literature; many of them were put to death. The Han were also removed from Beijing’s power centers.

During the Qing reign, social mores became more conservative, and homosexuals were punished harsher. As women’s purity became increasingly important, men refused to accept widows as wives. As a result, the suicide rate among widows increased, and homes were created where widows had little contact with men. The conservative shift was also reflected in the arts, where subversive literature and stage plays were deemed offensive. Books were routinely banned, and theaters were closed.

China used opium medicinally for centuries, but it became famous as a recreational drug by the 18th century. The Opium War of 1840 was the first of several military confrontations between China and the western world during the 19th century. China and Great Britain fought each other for two years. China became inundated with opium after Britain conquered India. The Second Opium War, which lasted from 1856 to 1860, brought more unequal agreements.

The Qing Dynasty fell in 1911, overthrown by the Revive China Society, established in Hawaii in 1894 by Western-educated revolutionary Sun Zhongshan before moving to Hong Kong.

Here are some historical photos of Chinese people in the 1860s from the Qing Dynasty.

#1 Cantonese mandarin and his wife, 1861-64

Cantonese mandarin and his wife, 1861-64

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#2 Chinese actors, 1868

Chinese actors, 1868

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#3 Chinese artist copying a photograph for the export trade, Hong Kong, ca. early 1860s

Chinese artist copying a photograph for the export trade, Hong Kong, ca. early 1860s

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#4 Chinese girl, 1868

Chinese girl, 1868

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#5 Chinese lady, 1868

Chinese lady, 1868

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#6 Chinese translators, Canton, 1861

Chinese translators, Canton, 1861

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#7 Tradesmen, Canton, 1861

Tradesmen, Canton, 1861

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#8 Cotton broker, Canton, 1861

Cotton broker, Canton, 1861

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#9 Manchu or Tatar lady, 1868

Manchu or Tatar lady, 1868

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#10 Manchu or Tatar lady, 1868

Manchu or Tatar lady, 1868

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#11 Manchu or Tatar woman, 1868

Manchu or Tatar woman, 1868

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#12 Mandarin and son, Canton, 1861-64

Mandarin and son, Canton, 1861-64

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#13 Musicians, Shanghai, 1864

Musicians, Shanghai, 1864

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#14 Official at Canton in a visit, 1861-64

Official at Canton in a visit, 1861-64

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#15 Portrait of a young lady, 1868

Portrait of a young lady, 1868

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#16 Tradesman, Hankow, 1861

Tradesman, Hankow, 1861

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#17 Portrait of a Manchu or Tatar lady, 1868

Portrait of a Manchu or Tatar lady, 1868

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#18 Portrait of a Shanghai lady, 1861

Portrait of a Shanghai lady, 1861

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#19 The Governor-General of Kwangtung and Kwangsi, Canton, 1862

The Governor-General of Kwangtung and Kwangsi, Canton, 1862

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#20 Prince Kung after formally offering the Qing Dynasty’s Surrender to the allies, Peking, November 4, 1860

Prince Kung after formally offering the Qing Dynasty’s Surrender to the allies, Peking, November 4, 1860

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#21 Shopkeepers at Canton, 1861-64

Shopkeepers at Canton, 1861-64

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#22 Viceroy of Canton, Canton, 1858

Viceroy of Canton, Canton, 1858

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#23 Wet weather, Shanghai, 1864

Wet weather, Shanghai, 1864

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#24 Wife of a mandarin, Canton, 1861

Wife of a mandarin, Canton, 1861

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#25 Woman in South China, 1868

Woman in South China, 1868

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#26 Woman of the working class, Canton, 1868

Woman of the working class, Canton, 1868

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#27 Working-class man, 1868

Working-class man, 1868

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#28 A Cantonese lady, 1861-64

A Cantonese lady, 1861-64

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#29 A Cantonese man dressed for Chinese New Year, Canton, 1861

A Cantonese man dressed for Chinese New Year, Canton, 1861

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#30 A girl of the working class, 1868

A girl of the working class, 1868

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#31 A lady of Swatow, 1868

A lady of Swatow, 1868

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#32 Pregnant girl in Macao, 1861

Pregnant girl in Macao, 1861

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#33 A shopkeeper and his family, Canton, 1861

A shopkeeper and his family, Canton, 1861

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Written by Aung Budhh

Husband + Father + librarian + Poet + Traveler + Proud Buddhist. I love you with the breath, the smiles and the tears of all my life.

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