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What Churches of Oakland looked like throughout the 20th Century

The twentieth Century has seen some significant social changes that have challenged traditional interpretations of scripture in America’s churches. Anti-Semitism and racial prejudice have fallen, and women’s roles and status have changed, as have sexual practices and attitudes. In the past, scripture has been used to justify anti-Semitism, discrimination against Afro-Americans, women’s subordination to men, and opposition to divorce, premarital sex, adultery, and homosexuality. Some churches have adapted scriptural interpretations to accommodate social changes, while others have stood firm against them. There is a strong correlation between church performance and response differences. Additionally, they have sharply varying implications for the future of the churches, especially their ability to exercise moral authority.

There are dozens of churches in Oakland, as well as several cathedrals. Some historical photos show the Churches of Oakland in the late 19th and 20th centuries.

#1 Humanity Mission Baptist Church, 1051 54th Street, 1989

Humanity Mission Baptist Church, 1051 54th Street, 1989

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#2 Star Bethel Methodist Baptist Church, San Pablo and Stanford Avenues, 1989

Star Bethel Methodist Baptist Church, San Pablo and Stanford Avenues, 1989

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#3 Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, 1330 Lakeshore Avenue, 1988

Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, 1330 Lakeshore Avenue, 1988

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#4 First Methodist Church, corner of 24th Street and Broadway in Oakland.

First Methodist Church, corner of 24th Street and Broadway in Oakland.

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#5 Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church, Lakeshore Avenue, 1953

Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church, Lakeshore Avenue, 1953

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#6 St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, northeast corner of 14th and Harrison Streets, 1898

St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, northeast corner of 14th and Harrison Streets, 1898

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#7 Central Lutheran Church, Ridgeway Avenue between Gilbert and Montgomery Streets, 1947

Central Lutheran Church, Ridgeway Avenue between Gilbert and Montgomery Streets, 1947

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#8 First Church of Christ, Scientist under construction, northwest corner of 17th and Franklin Streets, 1900

First Church of Christ, Scientist under construction, northwest corner of 17th and Franklin Streets, 1900

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#9 First Congregational Church, northwest corner of 26th and Harrison Streets, 1953

First Congregational Church, northwest corner of 26th and Harrison Streets, 1953

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#10 Seventh Day Adventist Church, 12th and Brush Streets, 1889

Seventh Day Adventist Church, 12th and Brush Streets, 1889

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#11 Grand Avenue Lutheran Church, corner of Euclid and Van Buren Avenues, 1953

Grand Avenue Lutheran Church, corner of Euclid and Van Buren Avenues, 1953

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#12 First Baptist Church, northwest corner of Telegraph Avenue and 22nd Street, after 1906 earthquake

First Baptist Church, northwest corner of Telegraph Avenue and 22nd Street, after 1906 earthquake

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#13 Temple Sinai, 28th and Webster Streets, 1920

Temple Sinai, 28th and Webster Streets, 1920

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#14 Beth Eden Baptist Church, Filbert Street between 7th and 8th Streets, 1901

Beth Eden Baptist Church, Filbert Street between 7th and 8th Streets, 1901

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#15 Welsh Presbyterian Church, 18th and Castro Streets, 1953

Welsh Presbyterian Church, 18th and Castro Streets, 1953

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#16 All Nations Pentecostal Church, 5815 San Pablo Avenue, 1989

All Nations Pentecostal Church, 5815 San Pablo Avenue, 1989

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#17 Aerial view of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Lincoln Avenue, 1970

Aerial view of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Lincoln Avenue, 1970

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#18 St. George Serbian Orthodox Church, 9th and Oak Streets, 1953

St. George Serbian Orthodox Church, 9th and Oak Streets, 1953

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#19 Triumph the Church and Kingdom of God in Christ Pentecostal Church, San Pablo Avenue near 55th Street, 1989

Triumph the Church and Kingdom of God in Christ Pentecostal Church, San Pablo Avenue near 55th Street, 1989

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#20 True Sunshine Episcopal Church (also called Chinese Episcopal Mission), 320 6th Street, 1930

True Sunshine Episcopal Church (also called Chinese Episcopal Mission), 320 6th Street, 1930

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#21 First Congregational Church, 13th and Clay Streets, 1885

First Congregational Church, 13th and Clay Streets, 1885

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#22 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, northwest corner of MacArthur Boulevard and Webster Street, 1953

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, northwest corner of MacArthur Boulevard and Webster Street, 1953

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#23 Episcopal Church of Our Savior, 8th and Harrison Streets, Oakland, 1953

Episcopal Church of Our Savior, 8th and Harrison Streets, Oakland, 1953

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#24 Brooklyn Presbyterian Church, corner of East 15th Street and 12th Avenue, 1890-1910

Brooklyn Presbyterian Church, corner of East 15th Street and 12th Avenue, 1890-1910

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#25 St. Peter’s Episcopal Church, corner of Broadway and Lawton Avenue, 1914

St. Peter’s Episcopal Church, corner of Broadway and Lawton Avenue, 1914

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#26 First Methodist Episcopal and German Evangelical Lutheran Churches, 1892

First Methodist Episcopal and German Evangelical Lutheran Churches, 1892

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#27 Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, 1330 Lakeshore Avenue, 1988

Fourth Church of Christ, Scientist, 1330 Lakeshore Avenue, 1988

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#28 St. Anthony’s Roman Catholic Church, East 15th Street and 16th Avenue, 1889

St. Anthony’s Roman Catholic Church, East 15th Street and 16th Avenue, 1889

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#29 Church of Jesus Church of Latter-Day Saints, northwest corner of Moss Street (later MacArthur Boulevard), 1931

Church of Jesus Church of Latter-Day Saints, northwest corner of Moss Street (later MacArthur Boulevard), 1931

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#30 Gospel Auditorium, 42th and Rich Streets, 1914

Gospel Auditorium, 42th and Rich Streets, 1914

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#31 Lakeside Baptist Church (formerly Swedish Baptist Church, East 15th Street at 3rd Avenue, 1953

Lakeside Baptist Church (formerly Swedish Baptist Church, East 15th Street at 3rd Avenue, 1953

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#32 Sacred Heart Catholic Church, 40th and Grove Streets, 1931

Sacred Heart Catholic Church, 40th and Grove Streets, 1931

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#33 Convent of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, 920 Peralta Street, 1932

Convent of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet, 920 Peralta Street, 1932

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#34 Oakland Auditorium, 1900s

Oakland Auditorium, 1900s

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#35 St. Mary’s Catholic Church, 8th and Jefferson Streets, 1910

St. Mary’s Catholic Church, 8th and Jefferson Streets, 1910

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#36 St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, 14th and Harrison Streets, 1931

St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, 14th and Harrison Streets, 1931

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#37 First Baptist Church, northwest corner of Telegraph Avenue and 22nd Street, Oakland, 1931

First Baptist Church, northwest corner of Telegraph Avenue and 22nd Street, Oakland, 1931

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#38 Pioneer Memorial Methodist Church, 37th Street and Telegraph Avenue, 1931

Pioneer Memorial Methodist Church, 37th Street and Telegraph Avenue, 1931

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#39 First Presbyterian Church, 14th and Franklin Streets, 1889

First Presbyterian Church, 14th and Franklin Streets, 1889

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#40 First Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), 29th and Fairmount Streets, 1931

First Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), 29th and Fairmount Streets, 1931

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#41 First Church of Christ, Scientist, northwest corner of 17th and Franklin Streets, under construction, 1901

First Church of Christ, Scientist, northwest corner of 17th and Franklin Streets, under construction, 1901

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#42 St. Columba’s Catholic Church, 6401 San Pablo Avenue, 1989

St. Columba’s Catholic Church, 6401 San Pablo Avenue, 1989

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#43 Bird’s eye view of First Church of Christ, Scientist, northwest corner of 17th and Franklin Streets, Oakland, 1902

Bird’s eye view of First Church of Christ, Scientist, northwest corner of 17th and Franklin Streets, Oakland, 1902

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#44 Greek Orthodox Church, 9th and Brush Streets, 1953

Greek Orthodox Church, 9th and Brush Streets, 1953

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#45 Zion Lutheran Church, southwest corner of 12th and Myrtle Street, 1892-1915

Zion Lutheran Church, southwest corner of 12th and Myrtle Street, 1892-1915

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#46 Japanese Methodist Episcopal Church, 928 West Street, 1915

Japanese Methodist Episcopal Church, 928 West Street, 1915

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#47 Independent Community Church, 1055 55th Street, 1989

Independent Community Church, 1055 55th Street, 1989

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#48 First Presbyterian Church, 14th and Franklin Streets, 1907

First Presbyterian Church, 14th and Franklin Streets, 1907

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#49 First Presbyterian Church, 27th and Broadway, 1915

First Presbyterian Church, 27th and Broadway, 1915

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#50 St. Elizabeth’s Catholic Church, 34th Avenue near East 14th Street, 1955

St. Elizabeth’s Catholic Church, 34th Avenue near East 14th Street, 1955

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#51 Franciscan Monastery, 34th Avenue near East 14th Street, 1910s

Franciscan Monastery, 34th Avenue near East 14th Street, 1910s

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#52 First Methodist Episcopal Church, 14th and Clay Streets, 1889

First Methodist Episcopal Church, 14th and Clay Streets, 1889

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#53 Greek Orthodox Church, 2700 Lincoln Avenue, 1960s

Greek Orthodox Church, 2700 Lincoln Avenue, 1960s

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#54 First Baptist Church, northwest corner of Telegraph Avenue and 22nd Street, 1910

First Baptist Church, northwest corner of Telegraph Avenue and 22nd Street, 1910

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#55 First Congregational Church, 26th and Harrison Streets, 1931

First Congregational Church, 26th and Harrison Streets, 1931

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#56 First Congregational Church, 10th and Washington Streets, 1860

First Congregational Church, 10th and Washington Streets, 1860

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#57 Buddhist Church of Oakland, 8th and Jackson Streets, 1953

Buddhist Church of Oakland, 8th and Jackson Streets, 1953

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#58 Trinity Episcopal Church, Telegraph Avenue and 29th Street, 1920

Trinity Episcopal Church, Telegraph Avenue and 29th Street, 1920

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Written by Aung Budhh

Husband + Father + librarian + Poet + Traveler + Proud Buddhist. I love you with the breath, the smiles and the tears of all my life.

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