Rare Historical Photographs of Canada’s First Nations people, 1910

Photographer Harry Pollard traveled around Canada in the early 20th century. He documented the lives of native people, who are one of the first people who settled in Western Canada and Alberta. He visited the tribes of Tsuu T’ina, Siksika, Kainai, Piikani. The number of Sarcee people (Tsuu T’ina) went down to 200 in the mid-20th century but has since gone up to 2,000. They are depicted in traditional dresses, feathered headdresses, and hunting bison.

First Nations in Alberta before European contact included the Siksika (Blackfoot), Kainai (Blood), Piikani (Peigan), and Gros Ventre (now in Montana). Other groups, including the Kootenay and the Crow, made expeditions into the land to hunt buffalo and go to war. The Tsuu T’ina, a branch of the Beaver, occupied the land’s central and northern parts, while the Slavey occupied the north.

Written by Aung Budhh

Husband + Father + librarian + Poet + Traveler + Proud Buddhist. I love you with the breath, the smiles and the tears of all my life.

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