Sydney is the most populous city in Australia, located on the southeastern coast. From 1788 to 1900, Sydney was the capital of the British colony of New South Wales. It has one of the most important ports in the South Pacific. The first human settlement in the area dates back to at least 30,000 years when Australian Aboriginals inhabited in this area. The modern history of the city began with the foundation of a penal colony by Great Britain in 1788.
Sydney grew rapidly in the mid-19th century the population was over 56,000 residents, and it was a flourishing town. The first railroad from Sydney to Parramatta was constructed in 1855. As the city exploded in size, many new buildings and suburbs were built. Horse-drawn trams began functional, and they were replaced with steam trams in the 1880s and at the beginning of the 20th century by electric trams. By 1900 Sydney had a population of 481,000, which reached the million mark in 1914.
These historical photos of old Sydney from the late 19th and early 20th-century show street scenes, cityscapes, landmarks, and everyday life of people.