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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

Delving into the history of Richmond, Virginia in the 1940s, we uncover a transformative decade marked by wartime efforts, economic resurgence, social changes, and cultural growth. This period, which saw Richmond rebound from the challenges of World War II and stride towards a prosperous future, holds a multitude of stories, each one a vital thread in the vibrant tapestry of the city’s rich history.

The Impact of World War II

The decade started with the global turmoil of World War II, and like the rest of the country, Richmond was deeply impacted. The city’s factories switched to wartime production, with many Richmond residents enlisted or working in support of the war effort. Defense plants in the area, like the Virginia Aircraft Company, employed thousands of workers, contributing significantly to the war effort.

The Boom of Tobacco and Industry

The post-war era saw a boom in Richmond’s traditional industries, particularly tobacco. Companies like Philip Morris saw massive growth, contributing to the city’s economic resurgence. This period also saw the expansion of other industries, including finance, insurance, and advertising, laying the groundwork for the diverse economy Richmond enjoys today.

The Expansion of Higher Education

The 1940s marked a significant period of expansion for higher education in Richmond. The Virginia Commonwealth University, known back then as Richmond Professional Institute, saw considerable growth, expanding its curriculum and increasing its student population. It served as a beacon of opportunity for returning servicemen and women, using the benefits of the GI Bill to further their education.

Infrastructure Development

Post-war Richmond witnessed significant infrastructure development. The city saw the construction of new homes, commercial buildings, and public facilities, catering to its growing population. A notable example is the Richmond-Petersburg Turnpike, now part of Interstate 95, which underwent significant expansion during this time.

Railroads and Transport

The Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad (RF&P), integral to Richmond’s transportation system, underwent significant changes during this period. Post-war, it shifted its focus from transporting military freight back to its core operation – moving commercial goods and passengers. This contributed to Richmond’s economic resurgence and increased connectivity with other regions.

#1 Fifth & Leigh Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

Fifth & Leigh Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#2 Third & East Main Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

Third & East Main Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#3 Mrs. Tazewell Perrow served soup to children from Bon Air School from the first mobile canteen for Chesterfield County, 1942.

Mrs. Tazewell Perrow served soup to children from Bon Air School from the first mobile canteen for Chesterfield County, 1942.

The canteen also served a test “disaster supper” at the Bon Air Community House later that week. The mobile kitchen would be used to feed civilians in case of a disaster involving more than five families.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#4 Allison-Moore-Crump Building, 1309 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

Allison-Moore-Crump Building, 1309 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#5 Eighteenth & Main Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

Eighteenth & Main Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#6 Hobson-Nolting House, 409 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

Hobson-Nolting House, 409 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#7 Ballard Street & Tobacco Alley (House), Richmond, 1940s

Ballard Street & Tobacco Alley (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#8 107 East Cary Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

107 East Cary Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#9 402 East Cary Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

402 East Cary Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#10 21 West Clay Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

21 West Clay Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#11 706 North Eighteenth Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

706 North Eighteenth Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#12 400 West Franklin Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

400 West Franklin Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#13 206 East Leigh Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

206 East Leigh Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#14 2416 East Main Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

2416 East Main Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#15 2600 East Marshall Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

2600 East Marshall Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#16 Seventeenth & Venable Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

Seventeenth & Venable Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#17 516 North Third Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

516 North Third Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#18 102 South Third Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

102 South Third Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#19 Twenty-first & Venable Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

Twenty-first & Venable Streets (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#20 Linden Row, 100-118 East Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

Linden Row, 100-118 East Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#21 Twenty-third & Franklin Streets (Houses), Richmond, 1940s

Twenty-third & Franklin Streets (Houses), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#22 Chamberlayne Avenue & Saint Peter Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

Chamberlayne Avenue & Saint Peter Street (House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#23 Hawes House, 506 East Leigh Street, Richmond, 1940s

Hawes House, 506 East Leigh Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#24 John Marshall House, 818 East Marshall Street, Richmond, 1940s

John Marshall House, 818 East Marshall Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#25 Mason’s Hall, 1805 East Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

Mason's Hall, 1805 East Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#26 John Morris Cottage, 2500 East Grace Street, Richmond, 1940s

John Morris Cottage, 2500 East Grace Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#27 Old Stone House, 1916 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

Old Stone House, 1916 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#28 Dr. John Adams Double House, 2501-2503 East Grace Street, Richmond, 1940s

Dr. John Adams Double House, 2501-2503 East Grace Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#29 William C. Allen Double House, 4-6 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

William C. Allen Double House, 4-6 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#30 Andrew Ellet House, 2702 East Grace Street, Richmond, 1940s

Andrew Ellet House, 2702 East Grace Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#31 William Barret House, Fifth & Cary Streets, Richmond, 1940s

William Barret House, Fifth & Cary Streets, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#32 The Bell Tower, Capitol Square, Richmond, 1940s

The Bell Tower, Capitol Square, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#33 Bransford House, 1005 Clay Street (moved from 13 North Fifth Street), Richmond, 1940s

Bransford House, 1005 Clay Street (moved from 13 North Fifth Street), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#34 Dr. John Brockenbrough House, 1201 East Clay Street, Richmond, 1940s

Dr. John Brockenbrough House, 1201 East Clay Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#35 Curtis Carter House, 100 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

Curtis Carter House, 100 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#36 Columbian Block, 1301-1307 East Cary Street, Richmond, 1940s

Columbian Block, 1301-1307 East Cary Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#37 778 North Ninth Street (Cottage), Richmond, 1940s

778 North Ninth Street (Cottage), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#38 Adolph Dill House, 00 Clay Street, Richmond, 1940s

Adolph Dill House, 00 Clay Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#39 Donnan-Asher Iron Front Building, 1207-1211 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

Donnan-Asher Iron Front Building, 1207-1211 East Main Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#40 212-214 South First Street (Double House), Richmond, 1940s

212-214 South First Street (Double House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#41 2216-2218 East Main Street (Double House), Richmond, 1940s

2216-2218 East Main Street (Double House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#42 1200-1202 North Seventeenth Street (Double House), Richmond, 1940s

1200-1202 North Seventeenth Street (Double House), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#43 Ellet-Todd-Lawrence Building, 1019-1021 East Cary Street, Richmond, 1940s

Ellet-Todd-Lawrence Building, 1019-1021 East Cary Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#44 Gosden House, Third & Leigh Streets, Richmond, 1940s

Gosden House, Third & Leigh Streets, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#45 Phillip Morris Leaf Storage Warehouse, 1717-1721 East Cary Street, Richmond, 1940s

Phillip Morris Leaf Storage Warehouse, 1717-1721 East Cary Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#46 Pratt’s Castle, 324 South Fourth Street, Richmond, 1940s

Pratt's Castle, 324 South Fourth Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#47 Rutherfoord-Hobson House, 2 West Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

Rutherfoord-Hobson House, 2 West Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#48 John D. Smith House, 2617 East Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

John D. Smith House, 2617 East Franklin Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#49 Whitlock Double House, 628-630 North Seventeenth Street, Richmond, 1940s

Whitlock Double House, 628-630 North Seventeenth Street, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#50 Pohlig Paper Box Factory, Twenty-fifth & Franklin Streets, Richmond, 1940s

Pohlig Paper Box Factory, Twenty-fifth & Franklin Streets, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#51 504-510 West Broad Street (Commercial Buildings), Richmond, 1940s

504-510 West Broad Street (Commercial Buildings), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#52 Mount Airy, Counting House, State Route 646 vicinity, Warsaw, Richmond County, 1940s

Mount Airy, Counting House, State Route 646 vicinity, Warsaw, Richmond County, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#53 1109-1113 East Main Street (Commercial Buildings), Richmond, 1940s

1109-1113 East Main Street (Commercial Buildings), Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#54 Bellona Arsenal, Workshops, State Route 673 vicinity, Richmond, 1940s

Bellona Arsenal, Workshops, State Route 673 vicinity, Richmond, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#55 The Oaks, (moved to 307 Stockton Lane, Richmond), Mattoax, Amelia County, 1940s

The Oaks, (moved to 307 Stockton Lane, Richmond), Mattoax, Amelia County, 1940s

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#56 Dwellers of Richmond-area houseboats endured nature’s wrath as the James River swelled after a storm, 1944.

Dwellers of Richmond-area houseboats endured nature’s wrath as the James River swelled after a storm, 1944.

The boats often were secured to trees or pilings, but rising floodwaters put them in jeopardy.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#57 High water on Dock Street in downtown Richmond followed a brief flood that caused no damage, 1949.

High water on Dock Street in downtown Richmond followed a brief flood that caused no damage, 1949.

The James River crested at 13.1 feet during the afternoon but receded by 5 feet within hours.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#58 The building, at Madison and Grace streets in Richmond, that once sat downtown and housed First Presbyterian Church, 1940s.

The building, at Madison and Grace streets in Richmond, that once sat downtown and housed First Presbyterian Church, 1940s.

Completed in 1853 at the current site of Old City Hall, the building’s outer shell was moved to Madison and Grace in the mid-1880s to make room for the city building. In 1943, the Acca Shriners, who had lost the Mosque (now Altria Theater) during the Great Depression, purchased the old church building. They used it until the mid-1950s; the building has since been torn down.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#59 Mrs. P.M. Edwards directed a group of women to a shelter during a daylight air raid test in Richmond, 1942.

Mrs. P.M. Edwards directed a group of women to a shelter during a daylight air raid test in Richmond, 1942.

She was among the first women to serve as auxiliary wardens during a test.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#60 A group of Lakeside air raid wardens rolled bandages for the Red Cross at the Hatcher Memorial Church on Dumbarton Road in Henrico County, 1944.

A group of Lakeside air raid wardens rolled bandages for the Red Cross at the Hatcher Memorial Church on Dumbarton Road in Henrico County, 1944.

During World War II, the sight of women in overalls doing what traditionally had been men’s jobs had grown familiar. And while the reverse was less common, the military’s need for surgical dressings prompted these men to help answer the call. They had taken first-aid courses, too.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#61 Leaders of the three flights in the Gamble’s Hill Community Center Air Scouts received their banners at the first review of the corps held in Gamble’s Hill Park, 1946.

Leaders of the three flights in the Gamble’s Hill Community Center Air Scouts received their banners at the first review of the corps held in Gamble's Hill Park, 1946.

This was the only troupe of Air Scouts organized in Richmond at that time; they wore the regulation National Air Scout uniform. Pictured (from left) were pilot leader Eddie Williams, sponsor Verna Walker, pilot leader William Massie, sponsor Barbara Chandler, pilot leader Everett Webb and sponsor Virginia Blackburn. The community center was financed by Second Presbyterian Church.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#62 An Allied Victory Day parade was staged by Richmond’s Chinese population and visiting Chinese residents from other cities, 1945.

An Allied Victory Day parade was staged by Richmond's Chinese population and visiting Chinese residents from other cities, 1945.

Several colorful floats such as this one, a Marine Corps band from Quantico, two Chinese orchestras, native costumes, high school cadet bands, and units of soldiers and sailors from nearby camps marched along the route that began at Boulevard and Monument Avenue.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#63 The Richmond chapter of the American Red Cross moved into its new headquarters in the Hancock-Wirt-Caskie House at Fifth and Main streets downtown, 1942.

The Richmond chapter of the American Red Cross moved into its new headquarters in the Hancock-Wirt-Caskie House at Fifth and Main streets downtown, 1942.

Helping to move were Jeanne Begien (left), Evelyn Bishop (front), Mrs. Roger F. Clapp (back) and Mrs. Leland Jones (peering from back of truck).

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#64 The uniforms of the volunteer services of the American Red Cross, 1942.

The uniforms of the volunteer services of the American Red Cross, 1942.

From left: Georgina Marracinia, outdoor uniform; Nancy Wortham, staff assistant; Mrs. C.F. Bowles, gray ladies; Mrs. William Hall, nurses’ aide; Mrs. Livingstone, home service; Mrs. J. Scott Parrish Jr., canteen; Mrs. Robert Cabell III, production, and Mrs. Collins Denny Jr., motor corps.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#65 American Red Cross Production Corps, 1940s

American Red Cross Production Corps, 1940s

Volunteers with the Chesterfield County branch of the American Red Cross Production Corps put in 314 collective hours of work making 40 dresses, 12 sweaters and 14 banners for the relief drive to aid war-stricken Europeans. The volunteers shown here are (from left) Mrs. A. Baake, Mrs. W.E. Pearce, Mrs. J.P. Belcher, Mrs. W.F. Saunders, Mrs. H.E. Adams, Mrs. N.H. Cogbill and Mrs. H.C. Cline.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#66 Elwyn Major (left) and Virgie Gentry of Richmond practiced archery, a sport that was attracting more interest from females, 1941

Elwyn Major (left) and Virgie Gentry of Richmond practiced archery, a sport that was attracting more interest from females, 1941

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#67 John Marshall High School cadet sergeants M. Cohen and J.C. Fuquay played taps during a service on Armistice Day at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Richmond, 1942.

John Marshall High School cadet sergeants M. Cohen and J.C. Fuquay played taps during a service on Armistice Day at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Richmond, 1942.

They stood under the church’s service flag: Each blue star represented a church member who was on active duty in World War II, and each gold star represented a church member lost in the war. Service flags were popular for families but sometimes were used by organizations and communities.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#68 Local game warden E.J. Gorman stood atop a dam in one of Chesterfield County’s nine beaver colonies, 1947.

Local game warden E.J. Gorman stood atop a dam in one of Chesterfield County’s nine beaver colonies, 1947.

At the time, two dozen counties had beaver colonies, with an eye toward helping restore fur trapping in Virginia.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#69 The Belgian Friendship Building and Bell Tower at Virginia Union University in Richmond, 1942.

The Belgian Friendship Building and Bell Tower at Virginia Union University in Richmond, 1942.

The building served as the Belgian Pavilion at the 1939 World's Fair in New York, but because Belgium was under wartime occupation after the event, it could not be returned to the country. Belgium gifted the building to VUU -- it was reassembled on campus starting in 1941 and housed the university library for decades.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#70 The 76-year-old trestle across the James River that Southern Railway used to haul coal and iron between the Old Dominion Iron and Steel mill and Tredegar Co. was being removed, 1948.

The 76-year-old trestle across the James River that Southern Railway used to haul coal and iron between the Old Dominion Iron and Steel mill and Tredegar Co. was being removed, 1948.

A 1909 fire had ravaged the bridge, and by 1948, its remnants on the isle were determined to be a fire hazard far beyond any use.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#71 The train depot at the Army’s Richmond Quartermaster Depot at Bellwood in Chesterfield County, 1946.

The train depot at the Army’s Richmond Quartermaster Depot at Bellwood in Chesterfield County, 1946.

The Army purchased the land from the Bellwood family in 1941 and activated the post the following year. It was heavily used during World War II – more than 800 rail cars would pass through on some days.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#72 The Bellwood Drive-In Theater, under construction now four miles south of Richmond city limits, will open on or about May 27, 1948.

The Bellwood Drive-In Theater, under construction now four miles south of Richmond city limits, will open on or about May 27, 1948.

The tower shown in the photo is 70 feet high, serving as front of the theater and screen.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#73 A blackout test during World War II – in case enemy aircraft flew over the city – darkened the interior of many buildings in downtown Richmond, 1942.

A blackout test during World War II – in case enemy aircraft flew over the city – darkened the interior of many buildings in downtown Richmond, 1942.

The one-hour exercise, which covered the Richmond and Tri-Cities area, required that buildings and residences turn off lights or prevent light from being seen from the outside. Buses, ambulances and personal vehicles were also asked to remain off the roads.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#74 A newly renovated basketball court, plus improved lighting and expanded seating, awaited action at the Blues Armory at Sixth and Marshall streets in downtown Richmond, 1947.

A newly renovated basketball court, plus improved lighting and expanded seating, awaited action at the Blues Armory at Sixth and Marshall streets in downtown Richmond, 1947.

The next evening, the University of Richmond hosted the College of William & Mary. Ticket prices were $1 for adults and 60 cents for children 12 and younger.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#75 Tap dancer Bill “Bojangles” Robinson showed his wife, Elaine, the house at 915 N. Third St. in which he was born, 1945.

Tap dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robinson showed his wife, Elaine, the house at 915 N. Third St. in which he was born, 1945.

Robinson, who left Richmond at age 7 to join a traveling show, wanted to get a photo of the house so that his show business friends would believe his stories about his humble beginnings.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#76 Berrier’s Ice Cream, located at the corner of Moore Street and the Boulevard in Scott’s Addition in Richmond, 1946.

Berrier’s Ice Cream, located at the corner of Moore Street and the Boulevard in Scott’s Addition in Richmond, 1946.

Berrier’s opened a plant on West Broad Street in 1930 – an advertisement for an open house, with samples, humbly touted that it’s “not a tremendous plant, supplying thousands of gallons of ice cream a day … nothing pretentious.” The Boulevard store, which has since been torn down, did serve sundaes and cones, but its main focus was takeout ice cream and blocks of ice.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#77 The first pupils entered the Bowler School, 1948.

The first pupils entered the Bowler School, 1948.

The school, at 26th and Leigh streets in Richmond, was previously the Springfield School, which taught white children. It had just been converted to a school for black youths, and more than 700 were enrolled on the first day. It was named for J. Andrew Bowler, the first pastor at Mount Olivet Baptist Church and organizer of a Church Hill school for black children in the 1880s. The building now houses the Bacon and Bowler Retirement Community.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#78 Richmond officials put up warning signs near the city limits on West Broad Street to limit speeding, which was a top traffic concern at the time, 1947.

Richmond officials put up warning signs near the city limits on West Broad Street to limit speeding, which was a top traffic concern at the time, 1947.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#79 A passenger train pulled out of Broad Street Station in Richmond and headed to Washington, 1946. At the time, a potential labor strike was threatening service.

A passenger train pulled out of Broad Street Station in Richmond and headed to Washington, 1946. At the time, a potential labor strike was threatening service.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#80 Babies slept in the nursery at Brookfield, located on West Broad Street in Henrico County, 1946.

Babies slept in the nursery at Brookfield, located on West Broad Street in Henrico County, 1946.

The home for unwed mothers was the successor to Spring Street Home in Richmond’s Oregon Hill area, which was established in 1874 by the Magdalen Association to help single women and their children. In the 1930s, the operation moved from Spring Street to Brookfield, and later to Brook Road in Henrico. The Brookfield area was redeveloped in the 1970s and was the site of the Hyatt House hotel.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#81 Workers lifted a car – temporarily – from the middle quarry at Bryan Park, 1942.

Workers lifted a car – temporarily – from the middle quarry at Bryan Park, 1942.

It had been stolen days earlier, and once it was pulled to the bank, Henrico County police confirmed that no one was in it. But halfway up the bank, shortly after this picture was taken, the chain broke and the car slipped back into the quarry – 32 feet of water had to be pumped out of the quarry before the car could be recovered.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#82 An Eastern Air Lines plane at Byrd Field, 1947.

An Eastern Air Lines plane at Byrd Field, 1947.

The city of Richmond held negotiations with the War Assets Administration for the return of the airport, which had been transformed into the Richmond Army Air Base during World War II. When the field was returned to the city, it was more than 850 acres larger than when the federal government took it over.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#83 A train pulled into Main Street Station in Richmond, 1946.

A train pulled into Main Street Station in Richmond, 1946.

That afternoon marked the end of a crippling two-day national railroad strike, which had stranded passengers and cargo – local businesses were able to purchase some of the perishable foods as well as tropical fish. President Harry Truman had threatened an Army takeover of railroad facilities if the striking trainmen and engineers unions didn’t return to work.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#84 Soldiers from Camp Lee in Prince George County were positioned on the south end of the old Lee Bridge in Richmond just days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the United States into World War II.

Soldiers from Camp Lee in Prince George County were positioned on the south end of the old Lee Bridge in Richmond just days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the United States into World War II.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#85 Amid a nationwide gas shortage, Harry J. Donati (left) and Joseph G. Robben drove their horse-drawn carriage down 25th Street in Church Hill in Richmond, 1941.

Amid a nationwide gas shortage, Harry J. Donati (left) and Joseph G. Robben drove their horse-drawn carriage down 25th Street in Church Hill in Richmond, 1941.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#86 Trucks blocked Cary Street in the wholesale produce district while passenger cars waited to get through, 1947.

Trucks blocked Cary Street in the wholesale produce district while passenger cars waited to get through, 1947.

The Times-Dispatch ran a series analyzing Richmond’s traffic problems such as this, and reviewing a proposed expressway. Based on a survey completed by the Automotive Safety Foundation, the series indicated that the current infrastructure could not handle the predicted increase in traffic, and construction of the expressway was recommended.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#87 Billie MacIntire, a professional at the Cavalier Arena roller skating rink posed for a photo to promote her upcoming demonstration of a new routine, 1941.

Billie MacIntire, a professional at the Cavalier Arena roller skating rink posed for a photo to promote her upcoming demonstration of a new routine, 1941.

The arena, which opened in June 1941, was at MacTavish Avenue and West Marshall Street in Richmond’s West End. It held skating exhibitions on Friday and Saturday nights.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#88 “The Soldier,” as many people called the patient of Central State Hospital near Petersburg, sat outside a sentry box he had built on the grounds, 1947.

“The Soldier,” as many people called the patient of Central State Hospital near Petersburg, sat outside a sentry box he had built on the grounds, 1947.

The psychiatric hospital dates to 1869, when a former Confederate facility known as Howard’s Grove Hospital was designated as a mental health facility for African-Americans.

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#89 The Central Station Post Office on Second Street in downtown Richmond, whose size increased by a third after a remodeling several months earlier, 1946.

The Central Station Post Office on Second Street in downtown Richmond, whose size increased by a third after a remodeling several months earlier, 1946.

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#90 Richmonders headed home from work, Thomas Jefferson High School students distributed literature for the Junior Chamber of Commerce promoting the change to a council-manager type of city government, 1947.

Richmonders headed home from work, Thomas Jefferson High School students distributed literature for the Junior Chamber of Commerce promoting the change to a council-manager type of city government, 1947.

In the next month’s vote, the issue generated a higher turnout than the 1944 presidential election, and the new charter was approved overwhelmingly.

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#91 British wartime leader Winston Churchill’s trip to America included an address to the General Assembly, 1946.

British wartime leader Winston Churchill’s trip to America included an address to the General Assembly, 1946.

He waved to a crowd that waited in the rain to see him as his motorcade came through Capitol Square in Richmond.

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#92 A woman working in a tobacco factory, 1941.

A woman working in a tobacco factory, 1941.

An accompanying story outlined the growth of Virginia women in the workforce. Based on 1930 census data, more than 6,000 women worked in tobacco factories – the sixth-ranked source of employment for women.

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#93 The Police Benevolent Association presented its sixth annual boxing show at City Stadium, headlined by Jimmy Webb, Johnny “Bandit” Romero, Georgie Abrams and Richmond’s Joey Spangler, 1941.

The Police Benevolent Association presented its sixth annual boxing show at City Stadium, headlined by Jimmy Webb, Johnny “Bandit” Romero, Georgie Abrams and Richmond’s Joey Spangler, 1941.

A crowd of more than 10,000 watched Webb knock out Romero in the third round, and Abrams won a decision over Spangler. Tickets were $1 for general admission, $2 for reserved and $3 for ringside.

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#94 Female fans wearing the red and white of Thomas Jefferson High School were part of a crowd of 17,000 who watched Teejay beat John Marshall High 6-0 in the Prep Classic at City Stadium in Richmond, 1946.

Female fans wearing the red and white of Thomas Jefferson High School were part of a crowd of 17,000 who watched Teejay beat John Marshall High 6-0 in the Prep Classic at City Stadium in Richmond, 1946.

John Marshall got to Teejay’s one-foot line in the last minute of play but couldn’t score.

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#95 Mrs. James Hicks of James City County and her daughter, Willie Mae, made a cornhusk doormat at home, 1949.

Mrs. James Hicks of James City County and her daughter, Willie Mae, made a cornhusk doormat at home, 1949.

A roughly 5-yard braid was needed to make the mat. Hicks could make about 200 in a year.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#96 Traffic moved through the intersection of Cowardin Avenue and Hull Street in South Richmond, 1948.

Traffic moved through the intersection of Cowardin Avenue and Hull Street in South Richmond, 1948.

The city was planning several pedestrian safety upgrades at the busy intersection, including painted crosswalks, new signage and a fence along Hull.

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#97 The new Curles Neck Dairy plant at 1600 Roseneath Road in Richmond, 1947.

The new Curles Neck Dairy plant at 1600 Roseneath Road in Richmond, 1947.

The building, which cost more than $200,000, gave the 13-year-old dairy modern features including a refreshment room that served up to 50 people, ice-cream-making facilities and curbside service. The building is now home to the Dairy Bar restaurant.

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#98 A crowd estimated at 8,000 came from around the state to watch the Deep Run races at Curles Neck Farm in Henrico County. Escape 3d won the Deep Run Cup, the featured event, 1940.

A crowd estimated at 8,000 came from around the state to watch the Deep Run races at Curles Neck Farm in Henrico County. Escape 3d won the Deep Run Cup, the featured event, 1940.

A group of movie stars and dignitaries including Cary Grant turned out to watch while taking a break from filming “The Howards of Virginia” in Colonial Williamsburg. Part of the big crowd, estimated at 8,000 spectators, is shown above. The picture shows the members' reserve section just to right of the grandstand. This event was held at Curles Neck Farm.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#99 The nearly 4,500-ton British steamer Markland was the first ship to dock at Richmond’s new Deep Water Terminal on the James River, 1940.

The nearly 4,500-ton British steamer Markland was the first ship to dock at Richmond’s new Deep Water Terminal on the James River, 1940.

The ship brought a cargo of 1,000 tons of newsprint from Nova Scotia for The Times-Dispatch and News Leader.

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#100 The Defense Special No. 1 train stopped in Richmond at Broad Street Station, 1941.

The Defense Special No. 1 train stopped in Richmond at Broad Street Station, 1941.

Nearly 800 local manufacturers were issued tickets to visit the eight-car train, which held an array of sample equipment that the government needed contractors to build for the war effort – such as guns, airplane and ship parts, field hospital equipment, chairs, saws and pipe fittings. The train staff interviewed and guided qualified manufacturers through the process to become a contractor.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#101 Heavy kraft paper, made from wood pulp, that was being converted into drinking cups at a Richmond factory, 1946.

Heavy kraft paper, made from wood pulp, that was being converted into drinking cups at a Richmond factory, 1946.

The majority of Virginia pulp and paper mills made this type of paper, which was used to make other goods. Factories were maximizing production after the war era had developed new and popular paper products.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#102 Scoop sniffed around the pet food aisle at a grocery store in Richmond’s West End, 1944.

Scoop sniffed around the pet food aisle at a grocery store in Richmond’s West End, 1944.

The store offered a large selection of pet foods, a relatively new concept for the era. The accompanying article said: “Gone, apparently, are the days that Fido took the scraps from the table and liked them.”

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#103 The future of the military draft was in question, and David Burruss, 19, of Norfolk, got lots of attention when he was thought to be the last man selected at the Richmond Armed Forces Induction Station.

The future of the military draft was in question, and David Burruss, 19, of Norfolk, got lots of attention when he was thought to be the last man selected at the Richmond Armed Forces Induction Station.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#104 The outside restrooms at the Elba School in Richmond, 1947.

The outside restrooms at the Elba School in Richmond, 1947.

Opened in 1880 in a white neighborhood, the school on West Marshall Street was designated for black students in 1927. By 1939, the school was recommended for abandonment because of its poor condition and a lack of facilities, such as adequate interior restrooms. It was used until 1955 and later was torn down.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#105 An executive of Atlantic Life Insurance Co. posted a sign in the elevators at the office building at Main and Sixth streets in downtown Richmond, 1943.

An executive of Atlantic Life Insurance Co. posted a sign in the elevators at the office building at Main and Sixth streets in downtown Richmond, 1943.

The sign, which asked men to keep their hats on, challenged tradition – in the presence of women, men customarily removed their hats and held them to their chest. The executive felt the new policy would speed elevator service and allow for more room.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#106 Mrs. Price looks on while Lucille, the mansion’s cook, mixes up something special in the kitchen, which has been completely renovated during the Price administration, 1942.

Mrs. Price looks on while Lucille, the mansion's cook, mixes up something special in the kitchen, which has been completely renovated during the Price administration, 1942.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#107 Eastern Henrico County farmer J.B. Alvis drove his tractor through 70 acres of soybeans, 1949.

Eastern Henrico County farmer J.B. Alvis drove his tractor through 70 acres of soybeans, 1949.

The machine cut and threshed the beans, and with the help of the boy on the back of the tractor, Alvis bagged them. According to an accompanying article, Virginia farmers produced 1.75 million bushels of soybeans the year before, which grossed them $4.1 million.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#108 William H. Haskins gazed over what was left of his Health Centre Inc. bowling alley at Hermitage Road and Meadow Street in Richmond after a fire, 1943.

William H. Haskins gazed over what was left of his Health Centre Inc. bowling alley at Hermitage Road and Meadow Street in Richmond after a fire, 1943.

The sprawling brick building, which opened in 1928 and housed 36 lanes, was totally destroyed.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#109 Rush hour crowd watches smoke pour from building at 14th and Main during fire, 1948.

Rush hour crowd watches smoke pour from building at 14th and Main during fire, 1948.

Traffic tied up an hour by three-alarm blaze at Casket Company late yesterday.

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#110 First and Merchants National Bank of Richmond, 1941

First and Merchants National Bank of Richmond, 1941

It was located at Ninth and Main Streets in downtown. The bank was in the process of adding the first drive-in tellers windows which would allow customers to drive thru for service on the Eighth Street side of the building. The bank hoped the system would alleviate downtown parking woes and quicken service for customers.

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#111 David Singleton fished below the spillway at Birchin Lake in Nottoway County, 1948.

David Singleton fished below the spillway at Birchin Lake in Nottoway County, 1948.

The soldier from Durham, N.C., eventually was rewarded with a catch of a 4-pound catfish.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#112 Flooding from heavy rains in the Windsor Shades area of New Kent County washed out a Chesapeake & Ohio Railway bed, leaving unsupported rails spanning a chasm, 1948.

Flooding from heavy rains in the Windsor Shades area of New Kent County washed out a Chesapeake & Ohio Railway bed, leaving unsupported rails spanning a chasm, 1948.

The flooded U.S. Route 60 is in the foreground. As much as 8 feet of water was reported on Route 60 in the area.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#113 Forest Lodge, completed in the early 1880s by Confederate Army scout John Cussons, 1946.

Forest Lodge, completed in the early 1880s by Confederate Army scout John Cussons, 1946.

The six-story resort hotel stood on 1,000 acres in Glen Allen on Mountain Road and boasted more than 100 rooms. It never became the success that Cussons envisioned, and after changing hands and purposes several times, it was razed in 1992. The cupola was saved and can be seen at Mountain Road and Old Washington Highway.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#114 The dance floor was full at the newly opened Service Club at Camp Lee in Prince George County, 1941.

The dance floor was full at the newly opened Service Club at Camp Lee in Prince George County, 1941.

The dance kicked off a series that was to run three times per week, with a different battalion invited each night. About 500 service members and 125 girls attended this first dance.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#115 The Freedom Train stopped in Richmond at Allen Avenue and West Broad Street, 1947.

The Freedom Train stopped in Richmond at Allen Avenue and West Broad Street, 1947.

People waited in blocks-long lines to tour exhibits of historical artifacts that included the original Constitution, Declaration of Independence, Truman Doctrine and Bill of Rights. The Freedom Train, which traveled the country between 1947 and 1949, was the first train to visit each of the 48 states (Alaska and Hawaii had not yet gained statehood). Virginians in blocks-long line await turn to tour exhibits aboard Freedom Train at Allen Avenue and Broad Street.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#116 A boxcar from France’s “Merci Train,” loaded with gifts for Virginians, arrived in Richmond, 1949.

A boxcar from France’s “Merci Train,” loaded with gifts for Virginians, arrived in Richmond, 1949.

The gifts – including dolls, lace, antique furniture, books, statues and paintings -- were an expression of thanks for the American "Friendship Train," which distributed food to needy Europeans in 1947. Richmonders filled two of the 12 boxcars of supplies sent by Virginia. After ceremonies at the state Capitol, the French boxcar spent a week on display downtown.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#117 Gas shortages prompted the Retailers for Victory campaign to stage Richmond’s first “gasless parade” to promote the sale of war stamps, which would fund construction of the aircraft carrier Shangri-La, 1943.

Gas shortages prompted the Retailers for Victory campaign to stage Richmond’s first “gasless parade” to promote the sale of war stamps, which would fund construction of the aircraft carrier Shangri-La, 1943.

The event featured all manner of transportation not fueled by gas: Gov. Colgate Darden rode in an ox-driven cart, and a goat-powered wagon (center right) carried Mayor Gordon Ambler along the parade route from Monroe Park to Capitol Square.

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#118 Children took a homemade cart for a spin along North 19th Street in Richmond, 1941.

Children took a homemade cart for a spin along North 19th Street in Richmond, 1941.

They built the toy in the spirit of “Gasless Sundays,” a means of conserving resources in a national defense drive ahead of U.S. entry into World War II. The cart was fashioned from an orange crate, old baby carriage wheels and scrap lumber.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#119 The sound of the bell summoned students to George Wythe School in Richmond on the first day of class, 1945.

The sound of the bell summoned students to George Wythe School in Richmond on the first day of class, 1945.

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#120 Students at the Grace Arents School celebrated the end of the school year, 1943.

Students at the Grace Arents School celebrated the end of the school year, 1943.

The Oregon Hill school, which opened in 1911, honored the philanthropist for her donation of the land and $5,000 toward the building. After decades as an elementary school and later a special education school, the building has housed Open High School since 1989.

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#121 Sixth and Grace Streets looking west at 5:30pm, 1940s

Sixth and Grace Streets looking west at 5:30pm, 1940s

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#122 Shoppers ducked into doorways or under awnings on Grace Street between Fourth and Fifth streets in downtown Richmond, 1949.

Shoppers ducked into doorways or under awnings on Grace Street between Fourth and Fifth streets in downtown Richmond, 1949.

Summer heat left the block unusually quiet for a Saturday afternoon.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#123 Grace Street sidewalk being cleared of today’s ‘black snow.’ Soot and grime. Air pollution.

Grace Street sidewalk being cleared of today's 'black snow.' Soot and grime. Air pollution.

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#124 A crowd gathered outside a Richmond grocery store on a day that hard-to-get items were available, 1946.

A crowd gathered outside a Richmond grocery store on a day that hard-to-get items were available, 1946.

Because of rationing and shortages during World War II, shop inventory ebbed and flowed for some time afterward as the economy stabilized.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#125 Members of the Henrico Red Cross Motor Corps participated in a test drill in uniform, 1942.

Members of the Henrico Red Cross Motor Corps participated in a test drill in uniform, 1942.

The women had completed courses in basic and advanced first aid, motor mechanics and blackout driving. The motor corps was established by the American Red Cross in 1917 during World War I to transport wounded soldiers to local hospitals and deliver supplies.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#126 The Highland Springs Volunteer Fire Department, 1940s.

The Highland Springs Volunteer Fire Department, 1940s.

The unit was organized in July 1941 with 45 volunteers and a $6,000 fire truck. The unit moved into this building on Nine Mile Road in 1947. At far left is Fire Chief Percy L. Burnett.

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What Richmond, Virigina looked like in the 1940s Through Historic Photographs

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#127 The Holden Rhodes House, also known as the old Stone House, located at Forest Hill Park in South Richmond, 1942.

The Holden Rhodes House, also known as the old Stone House, located at Forest Hill Park in South Richmond, 1942.

The house, named for the noted lawyer and businessman who built it, dates to around 1840 and was made of granite from the quarries on the original estate. It was remodeled in the 1930s and for a time was home to a library. The house, which is on the National Register of Historic Places, now serves as an event venue.

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#128 Sportsmen from Virginia and surrounding states brough their best hounds last Monday to Baskerville, near South Hill, for the twenty-sixth annual field trials of the Virginia Fox Hunters Association, 1948.