In 1943, Phoenix, Arizona, was a rapidly growing city with a population of approximately 107,000 people. The city had developed into a major center for agriculture, with cotton, citrus, and cattle being the main products. During this time, Phoenix was also a major hub for the construction of military training facilities and airfields due to its clear skies and open desert terrain. This led to a significant increase in the city’s population, as many military personnel and defense workers were stationed in the area.
During World War II, Phoenix played an important role in the war effort through the production of war materials and the training of military personnel. The city was home to several military bases, including Williams Airfield and Falcon Field, which were used for training pilots and aircrews. Additionally, the city was home to several factories that produced aircraft parts, ordinance and other military equipment.
Phoenix also experienced a shortage of housing and other resources during this time, as the influx of military personnel and defense workers put a strain on the city’s infrastructure. The government built temporary housing and barracks to accommodate the influx of people. The city also faced shortages of food, gasoline, and other goods. The citizens were encouraged to save resources and to buy war bonds to support the war effort.
Despite the challenges, Phoenix continued to grow and prosper during this time. The city’s economy boomed, and many new businesses and industries were established. The war also brought many new residents to the area, many of whom decided to stay after the war and contribute to the city’s growth and development.